Case Volume in Newer International Commercial Courts Hasn’t Met Expectations

Prof. Dr. Giesela Rühl recently posted on a proposed German International Commercial Court.  In discussing the new legislation to create an English language court for international commercial disputes in Germany, Professor Rühl observes that English language international commercial courts created in the Netherlands, France and Singapore have not seen the expected number of cases.  A link to this post, Giesela Rühl, International commercial courts for Germany?, EAPIL Blog and Conflict of Laws. Net (April 27, 2023), can be found here.

In recent years, there as been considerable discussion, on many levels, concerning the creation of courts to resolve international commercial disputes.   Some of this is at the operational level, e.g., Cyprus is reportedly creating an international commercial court, see Georgia Antonopoulou and Xandra Kramer, A New Court Open for International Business Soon: The Commercial Court in Cyprus, Conflict of Laws. Net (Feb. 26, 2023), and Roman Baechler & Stefanie Pfisterer, Introduction of international commercial courts in Switzerland, International Bar Association (April 28, 2023) regarding legislation permitting the creation on international commercial courts in Swiss cantons th,at choose to do so, starting in 2025.

Others address broader issues concerning the theories behind such courts, their viability and impact, and their implications.  Some of the recent discussions can be found at:

Ronan Barnard, Commercial Court Saw New Claims Dip in 2022, Law360 (April 14, 2023)

Sara Chessa, Brexit: Europe sees emergence of specialist commercial courts to compete with the UK, International Bar Association (Mar. 17, 2023)

Pietro Ortolani and Bas van Zelst, International commercial courts and EU law: Easing the tension,  14 Journal Int’l Dispute Res. 1 (March 2023)

Leyton Nelson, Dispute Settlement with Chinese Characteristics: Assessing China’s International Commercial Court, U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission (Feb. 28, 2023)

Georgia Antonopoulou, The ‘Arbitralization’ of Courts: The Role of International Commercial Arbitration in the Establishment and the Procedural Design of International Commercial Courts, Journal of International Dispute Settlement (Feb. 25, 2023)

Asian Development Bank, Commercial Courts: Exploring Key Models (Nov. 22, 2022)

Michael I. Green, Crowded at the Top: An Empirical Description of the Oligopolistic Market for International Arbitration Institutions, 31 Minn. J. Int’l L. 281 (2022)

International Commercial Courts, The Future of Transnational Adjudication, Cambridge University Press (2022)

Standing International Forum of Commercial Courts, Report of the Fourth Full Meeting (October 2022)

Lucas Clover Alcolea, The Rise of the International Commercial Court: A Threat to the Rule of Law?, Journal of International Dispute Settlement, Volume 13, Issue 3, Pages 413–442 (September 2022)

Weixia Gu and Jacky Tam, The Global Rise of International Commercial Courts: Typology and Power Dynamics, 22 Chi. J. Int’l L. 443 (2022)

Y.I.I Badr, International Business Courts as a Forum for Adjudicating Aviation Disputes, in  Old and New Disputes in Aerospace Law (Transnational Dispute Management Special Issue – 2021)

I.  Strong, International Commercial Courts in the United States and Australia:  Possible, Probable, Preferable?,  American J. of Int’l Law (2021)

Georgios Dimitropoulos, International Commercial Courts in the ‘Modern Law of Nature’: Adjudicatory Unilateralism in Special Economic Zones, Journal of International Economic Law, Volume 24, Issue 2, Pages 361–379 (June 2021)

Giesela Rühl, The Resolution of International Commercial Disputes—What Role (If Any) For Continental Europe?, 115 American J. of Int’l Law 11 (2021)

William J. Moon, Delaware’s Global Competitiveness, 106 Iowa L. Rev. 1683 (May 2021)

London’s business courts face growing competition, The Economist (April 24, 2021)

Ido Baum & Dov Solomon, The Least Uncomfortable Choice:  Why Delaware and England Win the Global Corporate Law Race, 73 S.C. L. Rev. 387 (Winter 2021)

Pamela K. Bookman & Matthew S. Erie, Experimenting With International Commercial Dispute Resolution, 115 American Journal of International Law Unbound 5 (2021)

Pamela K. Bookman, Arbitral Courts, 61 Va. J. Int’l L. 161 (Winter 2021)

Jeroen A. van der Weide, The Netherlands Commercial Courts (NCC): Its Challenges And Perspectives, 79 Ius Gentium 81 (2020)

Matthew S. Erie, The New Legal Hubs: The Emergent Landscape of International Commercial Dispute Resolution, 68 Va. Journal of International Law 225 (Winter 2020)

William J. Moon, Delaware’s New Competition, 114 Northwestern U. L. Rev. 227 (2020)

Gerhard Wagner & Arvid Antz, Commercial Courts in Germany, 79 Ius Gentium 3 (2020)

Ilias Bantekas, The Rise of Transnational Commercial Courts: The Astana International Finance Centre Court, 33 Pace Int’l L. Rev. 1 (Winter 2020)

Profs. Goran Koevski & Darko Spasevski, Trends in Respect of Specialization of Commercial Disputes Judiciary, (Kopaonicka Skola Prirodnog Prava 2019)

Lance Ang, International Commercial Courts and the Interplay Between Realism and Institutionalism: A Look at China and Singapore, Essay for Harvard International Law Journal (2019)

Alexandre Biard, International Commercial Courts in France: Innovation without Revolution?, Erasmus Law Review Vol. 12, No. 1 (Nov. 2019)

International Business Courts: A European and Global Perspective (Xandra Kramer and John Sorabji, eds. 2019)

I. Strong, International Commercial Courts and the United States: An Outlier by Choice and by Constitutional Design? In International Business Courts – A European and Global Perspective (April 22, 2019). Forthcoming; University of Missouri School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2019-08, and in International Business Courts: A European and Global Perspective 255 (Xandra Kramer and John Sorabji, eds. 2019)

Marta Requejo Isidro, International Commercial Courts in the Litigation Market, Max Planck Institute, Luxembourg Research Paper Series (2019)

Tom Moseley, Why English courts are opening in the EU, BBC News (Feb. 28, 2018)