Business Court Books and Articles Bibliography (Regularly Updated)

The Business Courts Blog already has posted links to business court reports and studies, going as far back as 2000. A link to those various posts can be found here.

This post will be updated periodically. It includes a selected bibliography of books and articles on business courts found in law reviews, bar journals, book chapters, program presentations, and other publications.

Although not listed separately below for each year of publication, the ABA Section of Business Law’s Business and Corporate Litigation Committee annually publishes the book, Recent Developments in Business and Corporate Litigation (formerly known as Annual Review of Developments in Business and Corporate Litigation). This annual publication has included a chapter on business courts from 2004 to the present.

Selected Business Court Bibliography by Year of Publication


R. Franklin Balotti & Roland E. Brandel, Business Bench: Are Special Courts the Future?, Bus. L. Today  (January/February, 1995)

Rochelle C. Dreyfuss, Forums of the Future: The Role of Specialized Courts in Resolving Business Disputes, 61 Brook. L. Rev. 1 (1995)

John J. Gibbons, The Quality of Judges is What Counts in the End, 61 Brook. L. Rev. 45 (1995)

Pauline Neman, Commentary on the Paper by Professor Dreyfus, 61 Brook. L. Rev. 53 (1995)

Jeffrey W. Stempel, Two Cheers for Specialization, 61 Brook. L. Rev. 67 (1995)


Robert L. Haig, New York Creates Business Courts: If They Can Make it There, Can They Make it Anywhere?, Bus. L. Today  (September-October, 1996)

Robert L. Haig, Can New York’s New Commercial Division Resolve Business Disputes as Well as Anyone?,  13 Touro L. Rev. 191 (Fall 1996)


ABA Ad Hoc Committee on Business Courts, Towards a More Efficient Judiciary, 52 Bus. Law. 947 (1997)

Robert L. Haig, New York’s Business Court, 26 Colorado Lawyer 65 ( May 1997)

Hon. Diane P. Wood, Law, Truth, and Interpretation: A Symposium on Dennis Patterson’s Law and Truth: Speech: Generalist Judges in a Specialized World, 50 S. M. U.  L. Rev. 1755 (1997)

Pete Millard, Reworking the business courts, Milwaukee Business Journal (Mar. 30, 1997)


Sen. Ember Reichgott Junge, Business Courts: Efficient Justice or Two-tiered Elitism?, 24 Wm. Mitchell L. Rev. 315 (1998)


Kimberly A. Ward, Getting Down to Business–Pennsylvania Must Create a Business Court, or Face the Consequences, 18 J. L. & Com. 415 (1999)


Paula Hannaford, David Rottman & Roxana Gonzales, Focus on Business and Complex Litigation Courts, 1 Civil Action: A Briefing on Civil Justice Reform Initiatives 1 (August 2000)


Hon. Allan Van Gestel, Why a Business Litigation Session at Suffolk Superior Court, 45 Boston Bar J. 14 (November/December 2001)


Marcel Kahan & Ehud Kamar, The Myth of State Competition in Corporate Law,  55 Stan. L. Rev. 679 (2002)

Carrie A. O’Brien, The North Carolina Business Court: North Carolina’s Special Superior Court for Complex Business Cases, 6 N.C. Banking Inst. 367 (2002)


James R. Munson, Business Courts and the Business Ethos Under the Directory and Napoleon (2003)

Jacob A. Sommer, Business Litigation and Cyberspace: Will Cyber Courts Prove an Effective Tool for Luring High-Tech Business into Forum States?, 56 Vand. L. Rev. 561 (2003)


ABA Section of Business Law’s Business and Corporate Litigation Committee, Business Courts, in Recent Developments in Business and Corporate Litigation (2004-present)

Mitchell L. Bach & Lee Applebaum, A History of the Creation and Jurisdiction of Business Courts in the Last Decade, 60 Bus. Law. 147 (2004)

Tim Dibble & Geoff Gallas, Best Practices in U.S. Business Courts, Court Manager (Vol. 19, Issue 2, 2004)


Ari Davis, Moving From Mandatory: Making ADR Voluntary in New York Commercial Cases, 8 Cardozo J. Conflict Resol. 283 (2006)

Hon. Jack B. Jacobs, The Role of Specialized Courts in Resolving Corporate Governance Disputes in the United States and in the EU: An American Judge’s Perspective, paper presented at the OECD Exploratory Meeting on Resolution of Corporate Governance Related Disputes  (Stockholm, March 20, 2006)

Marteen J. Kroeze, The Ducth Companies and Business Court as a Specialized Court (August 1, 2006)


Lee Applebaum, Complex Litigation Courts and Business Courts: Some Brief Observations on Connections and Similarities, paper prepared for the program Business and Corporate Litigation Committee Forum: An Introduction to Business Courts and Complex Litigation Courts – What Works Best and Why, Annual Meeting of ABA Section of Business Law (San Francisco, August 13, 2007)

Ann Tucker Nees, Making a Case for Business Courts: A Survey of and Proposed Framework to Evaluate Business Courts, 24 Ga. St. U. L. Rev. 477 (2007)

Alvin Stauber, Commercial Courts: A 21st Century Necessity?, Judicial Studies Inst. J. (Volume 1, 2007)


Lee Applebaum, The “New” Business Courts, Bus. L. Today (March/April 2008)

Vice Chancellor Donald F. Parsons & the Hon. Joseph F. Slights, III, The History of Delaware’s Business Courts: Their Rise to Preeminence, Bus. L. Today (March/April 2008)

Ralph Peeples & Hanne Nyheim, Beyond the Border: An International Perspective on Business Courts, Bus. L. Today (March/April 2008)

Pamela J. Roberts, Carmen Harper Thomas & Cory E. Manning, South Carolina’s Business Court Pilot Program, South Carolina Lawyer (May 2008)


Lee Applebaum, The Commerce Court’s First Decade, The Philadelphia Lawyer (Spring 2009)

Lee Applebaum, Some Observations on Modern Business Courts and The Bar’s Role in Their Development, paper prepared for the ABA Section of Business Law’s Business Bar Leaders Conference, sponsored by its Committee on State and Local Bar Relations (Chicago, May 12-13, 2009)

Lee Applebaum & Cory Manning, Specialized Business and Commercial Courts Around the Globe: A Summary World View, paper prepared for the program Business Courts Around the World, Spring Meeting of ABA Section of Business Law (Vancouver, April 17, 2009)

Association of Corporate Counsel, Business Courts (Oct. 18, 2009)

Christopher R. Drahozal, Business Courts and the Future of Arbitration, 10 Cardozo J. of Conflict Resol. 491 (2009)

Hon. Randy J. Holland, Delaware’s Business Courts: Litigation Leadership, 34 J. Corp. L. 771 (2009)


Hon. Ben F. Tennille, Lee Applebaum, & Anne Tucker Nees, Getting to Yes in Specialized Courts: The Unique Role of ADR in Business Court Cases, 11 Pepp. Disp. Resol. L. J. 35 (2010)

Hon. Ben F. Tennille & Corrine B. Jones, Developments at the North Carolina Business Court, in Future Trends in State Courts (National Center for State Courts, 2010)

Andrew A. Powell, It’s Nothing Personal, It’s Just Business: A Commentary on the South Carolina Business Court Pilot Program, 61 S.C. L. Rev. 823 (2010)


Lee Applebaum, The Steady Growth of Business Courts, in Future Trends in State Courts (National Center for State Courts, 2011)

Lawrence Baum, Specializing the Courts 192-194 (U. Chicago Press 2011)

Richard Craver, Judge Tennille set the bar for state business courts, Winston-Salem Journal (March 13, 2011)


John Coyle, Business Courts and Inter-State Competition, 53 Wm. & Mary L. Rev. 1915 (2012)


Douglas L. Toering, The New Michigan Business Court Legislation: Twelve Years in the Making, Bus. L. Today (January 2013)

Hon. Christopher C. Wilkes, West Virginia’s New Business Court Division: An Overview of the Development and Operation of Trial Court Rule 29, W. Va. Lawyer (January-March, 2013)


Hon. Timothy Driscoll, KEEPING CURRENT: The New York State Supreme Court Commercial Division: Past, Present, and Future, Bus. L. Today (October 2014)

Megan K. Johnson, Fulton County Business Court: A Specialized Solution for the Modern Business Community, 30 Ga. St. U. L. Rev. 1027 (2014)

Andrew Jones, Toward a Stronger Economic Future for North Carolina: Precedent and Opinions of the North Carolina Business Court, 6 Elon L. Rev. 189 (2014)

Richard L. Renck & Carmen H. Thomas, Recent Developments in Business Commercial Courts in the United States and Abroad, Bus. L. Today (May 2014)


Jenni Bergal, ‘Business Courts’ Take on Complex Corporate Conflicts, Stateline (Pew, Oct. 28, 2015)

Gregory Day, Revisiting the North Carolina Business Court After Twenty Years, 37 Campbell L. Rev. 277 (2015)

Hon. Timothy Driscoll, KEEPING CURRENT: The New York State Supreme Court Commercial Division: Past, Present, and Future (Part Two), Bus. L. Today (July 2015)

Hon. John C. Foster & Richard L. Hurford, ADR within ADR: Business Courts as Laboratories for Litigation Process Improvement, Michigan Bar J. 20 (January 2015)

Joshua Halen, Transforming Nevada into the Judicial Delaware of the West; How to Fix Nevada’s Business Courts, 16 J. Bus. & Sec. L. 139 (2015)

Hon. Joseph R. Slights, III & Elizabeth A. Powers, Delaware Courts Continue to Excel in Business Litigation with the Success of the Complex Commercial Litigation Division of the Superior Court, 70 Bus. Law. 1059 (Fall 2015)

Hon. Sean D. Wallace, Business Courts go Global, International Judicial Monitor (Winter 2015)


Lee Applebaum & Mitchell L. Bach, Business Courts in the United States: 20 Years of Innovation, in The Improvement of the Administration of Justice (ABA, 8th Ed. 2016)

Tyler Moorehead, Business Courts: Their Advantages, Implementation Strategies, and Indiana’s Pursuit of its Own, 50 Ind. L. Rev. 397 (2016)

A year on, NJ business courts are on top of issues, Courier Post (Mar. 13, 2016)

Spencer C. Pittman, Business Courts: Specialized Courts for Complex Business Litigation, 87 Oklahoma Bar J. 805 (April 2016)


Jens Dammann, Business Courts and Firm Performance, Univ. of Texas L. & Econ. Research Paper No. 564 (2017)

Hon. Timothy Driscoll, The Time Has Come (Accompanied by Affidavits): A Method for More Expeditious Trials in Commercial Cases, Bus. L. Today (July 2017)

Gerald v. Mantese, Douglas L. Toering, & Fatima M. Mansour, Michigan Business Courts and Oppression: A Review of how Michigan Business Courts have Treated Oppression Issues Since Madugula v Taub, 96 Mich. Bar J. 18 (January 2017)

Douglas L. Toering, Touring the Business Courts, 37 Mich. Bus. L. J. 13 (Fall 2017)


Harmony Conti Bodurtha & Catherine A. Shaghalian, The Business Calendar: A Deeper Bench, Rhode Island Bar J. (March/April 2018)

Richard L. Hurford, Best Practices: Is it Time for Litigators to Reconsider the Benefits of Legal Process Improvement? Take a Lead from Michigan Courts, 97 Mich. Bar J. (March 2018)

Joseph A. McCahery and F. Alexander de Roode, Corporate Litigation in Specialized Business Courts, in The Oxford Handbook of Corporate Law and Governance (May 2018)

Douglas L. Toering & James A. Buster, Touring the Business Courts, 38 Mich. Bus. L. J. 12 (Summer 2018)

Jens Christian Dammann, Dissertation: Essays on Corporate Law and Economics (2018)


Andrew W. Homer, Splitting the Ninth Circuit and Preparing for the Future: A Proposal for a Federal Business Court, 19 Wake Forest J. Bus. & Intell. Prop. L. 307 (Spring 2019)

Marta Requejo Isidro, International Commercial Courts in the Litigation Market, Max Planck Institute Luxembourg Research Paper Series (2019)

S. I. Strong, International Commercial Courts and the United States: An Outlier by Choice and by Constitutional Design? In International Business Courts – A European and Global Perspective (April 22, 2019). Forthcoming; University of Missouri School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2019-08.

Douglas L. Toering & Emily S. Fields, Touring the Business Courts, 39 Mich. Bus. L. J. 9 (Spring 2019)

International Business Courts: A European and Global Perspective (Xandra Kramer and John Sorabji, eds. 2019)

ABA Business Law Section, The Business Courts Benchbook: Procedures and Best Practices in Business and Commercial Cases (Vanessa Tiradentes, et. al., eds. 2019)

Pamela K. Bookman, The Adjudication Business, Temple University Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2019-08, forthcoming article in 2020 Yale Journal of International Law


Douglas L. Toering and Ian M. Williamson, Business Courts in Michigan — Seven Years and Counting, Michigan Bar Journal (Jan. 2020)

Hon. Brian Stern and Christopher J. Fragomeni, An Introduction to the Business Calendar, The Business Recovery Program, and Virtual Hearings, 68 RI Bar Jnl. 3 (May 2020)

Pamela K. Bookman, The Adjudication Business, 45 Yale Journal of International Law 227 (Summer 2020)

William J. Moon, Delaware’s New Competition, 114 Northwestern University Law Review 227 (2020)

Gerhard Wagner & Arvid Antz, Commercial Courts in Germany, 79 Ius Gentium 3 (2020)

Lee Applebaum, Mitchell Bach, Eric Milby and Richard Renck, Through the Decades: The Development of Business Courts in the United States of America, 75 Business Lawyer 2053 (2020)

Hon. Christopher P. Yates, The ABA’s Contribution to the Development of Business Courts in the United States, 75 Business Lawyer 2077 (2020)


S. I. Strong, International Commercial Courts in the United States and Australia:  Possible, Probable, Preferable?,  American Journal of International Law (2021)

Lon Roberts, The commercial docket pilot program: Wisconsin’s ‘business court’, Wisconsin Law Journal (March 2, 2021)

Andrew Strickler, Georgia ‘Opt-Out’ Rule an Outlier in Business Court Trend, Law360 Pulse (March 12, 2021)


William J. Moon, DELAWARE’S GLOBAL COMPETITIVENESS, 106 Iowa Law Review 1683 (May 2021)

Douglas L. Toering and Nicole B. Lockhart, Business Dockets in Michigan – Ten Years with More to Come, 41 Michigan Business Law Journal 12 (Summer 2021)

Zachary D. Clopton & D. Theodore Rave, MDL IN THE STATES, 115 Northwestern University Law Review 1649 (2021)

Y.I.I Badr, International Business Courts as a Forum for Adjudicating Aviation Disputes, in  Old and New Disputes in Aerospace Law (Transnational Dispute Management Special Issue – 2021)

Benjamin Burningham, Open for Business: Chancery Court Goes Live on December 1, 2021, 44 Wyo. Law. (Oct. 2021)