Business Court Books and Articles Bibliography (Regularly Updated)

The Business Courts Blog already has posted links to business court reports and studies, going as far back as 2000. A link to those various posts can be found here.

This post will be updated periodically. It includes a selected bibliography of books and articles on business courts found in law reviews, bar journals, book chapters, program presentations, and other publications.

Although not listed separately below for each year of publication, the ABA Section of Business Law’s Business and Corporate Litigation Committee annually publishes the book, Recent Developments in Business and Corporate Litigation (formerly known as Annual Review of Developments in Business and Corporate Litigation). This annual publication has included a chapter on business courts from 2004 to the present.

Selected Business Court Bibliography by Year of Publication


Rodolphe J.A. de Seife, A Plea for the Creation of Commercial Courts, 17 New England Law Review 437 (Spring 1982)


Hon. Frank H. Easterbrook, Symposium on the Seventh Circuit as a Commercial Court: Afterword: On Being a Commercial Court, 65 Chi-Kent L. Rev. 877 (1989)

Rochelle C. Dreyfuss, The Federal Circuit: A Case Study in Specialized Courts, 64 NYU L. Rev. No. 1 (1989)


Fred Maher, Business Law Court Proposed, 13 Pennsylvania Law Journal No. 34 (Sept. 17, 1990)

Howard Gibson, State Has Designs on Delaware: Business Court Rivalry?, 13 Nat’l Law Journal No. 8 (Oct. 29, 1990)

William E. Zeiter and Wendy L. Bell, Pennsylvania Courts of Special Chancery, 24 Insights No. 11 (Nov. 1990)


Karen Donavan, Pa. Business Court: Proposals Push for Second Attempt, 14 Nat’l Law Journal No. 35 (May 4, 1992)

Gary Spencer, Commercial Court Parts to Open in Manhattan: Specialized Judges to Preside Starting Jan. 1, 208 New York Law Journal No. 52 (Sept. 14, 1992)

Martin Fox, Plans Unveiled for Faster Discovery, Early Trials in New Commercial Parts, 208 New York Law Journal No. 60 (Sept. 24, 1992)


Edward V. DiLello, Fighting  Fire with Firefighters: A Proposal for Expert Judges as the Trial Level, 93 Colum. L. Rev. 473 (1993)

Edward Feisenthal, In Manhattan, New Court Cuts Business Cases, Wall Street Journal (Jan. 5, 1993)

Ira Pilchen, Court Reform Watch: New York Tries Commercial Cases Separately, 76 Judicature No. 5 (Feb.-Mar. 1993)

John L. Kennedy, Chancery Court Proposal Sent to Full Senate: Business Court Supporters Optimistic of Passage, 16 Pennsylvania Law Journal No. 20 (May 17, 1993)

Hon. Jonathan Lippman, The State Courts: An Emerging Haven for Commercial Litigation, 65 NY State Bar Journal No. 4 (May/June 1993)

Daniel Wise, Commercial Parts Struggle with Mission, 209 New York Law Journal No. 122 (June 28, 1993)

Joseph F. Troy, Judicial Specialization: A Proposal for Business and Commercial Law Division in the Superior Courts, 27 Beverly Hills Bar Journal No. 3 (Summer 1993)

David Bailey, Commercial Litigation Heads to New Calendar in Law Division, 139 Chicago Daily Law Bulletin No.l 168 (Aug. 27, 1993)

Gary Spencer, Kaye Signals Willingness to Explore Business Courts, 210 New York Law Journal No. 59 (Sept. 23, 1993)

Jill Chanen, Judge sees justice, not speed, as commercial calendar goal, Chicago Lawyer (Nov. 1993)

Milo Geyelin, Delaware Plans Sped-Up Business Court, Wall Street Journal (Dec. 10, 1993)


Theresa Humphrey, Del. Business Court to Speed Litigation; Discovery Would Be Reduced, Juries, Punitive Damages Ended, The Legal Intelligencer (Feb. 2, 1994)

Jennifer Thelan, Favoritism or Good Business? A Proposal for Special Business Courts is Dividing the Bar, the Bench and Corporate Interests, The Recorder (Feb. 8, 1994)

Michael J. Hall, Bar: No Taxes for Business Court; governors vote to oppose bill to create 4-judge LA pilot project, 107 Los Angeles Daily Journal No. 39 (March 1, 1994)

Jay W. Eisenhofer and Michael Houghton, Corporate Law: Delaware’s new summary procedure to resolve business disputes, which goes into effect this spring, takes aim at alleviating the so-called crisis in litigation, Nat’l Law Journal (April 4, 1994)

Thomas A. Slowy, Pennsylvania Chancery Court is a Sound Proposal: But Merit Selection and No Jury Trials Stand as Controversial Components, Pennsylvania Law Weekly  (May 2, 1994)

Leonard Post, Some Courts Are All Business, Study: Commercial Tracks Are Thriving, Nat’l Law Journal (May 17, 2004)

Leonard Post, States take up versions of the specialized business court, The Recorder (May 19, 1994)

Leonard Post, Complex litigation concerns of critics, Miami Daily Business Review (May 21, 1994)

Tom Dressler, Senate Panel Kills Plan for Special Court: Business Wanted Separate Unit for Commercial Cases; was proposed for LA, 107 Los Angeles Daily Journal No. 81 (April 28, 1994)

Douglas K. Devries, Designer Gavels: Establishing Business Courts Would Create a Special Class of Litigants and Deny Access to Others, California Bar Journal (July 1994)

Joseph F. Troy, Designer Gavels: California Litigants Suffer Because We Do Not Provide Them with a High Level of Expertise on the Bench, California Bar Journal (July 1994)

Stephanie Richardson Hite, Chancery Court Proposal in Business Again: But Opposition Remains Despite Revisions, 17 Pennsylvania Law Weekly No. 43 (Oct. 24, 1994)

Gary Spencer, Investigation Commission Urges State Commercial Court, 212 New York Law Journal No. 99 (Nov. 22, 1994)


R. Franklin Balotti & Roland E. Brandel, Business Bench: Are Special Courts the Future?, Bus. L. Today  (January/February 1995)

Hon. Thomas L. Ambro, How Delaware Does Business Courts, Bus. L. Today (January/February 1995)

Linda Himelstein, The Case for a Business Court, Business Week (Mar. 13, 1995)

Marcia Coyle and Claudia MacLachlan, Probing the Backlog: NLJ Finds that Most Intractable Cases Involve Business Disputes, 17 Nat’l Law Journal No. 49 (Aug. 7, 1995)

Rochelle C. Dreyfuss, Forums of the Future: The Role of Specialized Courts in Resolving Business Disputes, 61 Brook. L. Rev. 1 (1995)

John J. Gibbons, The Quality of Judges is What Counts in the End, 61 Brook. L. Rev. 45 (1995)

Pauline Neman, Commentary on the Paper by Professor Dreyfus, 61 Brook. L. Rev. 53 (1995)

Jeffrey W. Stempel, Two Cheers for Specialization, 61 Brook. L. Rev. 67 (1995)


Margaret Eckenbrecht, A Commercial Venture: Supporters portray business courts as white knights rescuing overburdened justice system, 82 ABA J. 35 (Jan. 1996)

John L. W. Garrou, Business Court Not Business as Usual, 18 Legal Times No. 50 (April 29, 1996)

Michael Riccardi, Commerce Court Coming?; Senate Panel Backs Bill Creating Judicial Body for Business Disputes, The Legal Intelligencer (June 19, 1996)

Robert L. Haig, New York Creates Business Courts: If They Can Make it There, Can They Make it Anywhere?, Bus. L. Today  (September/October 1996)

Roland Brandel and Robert L. Haig, Business Courts On The Move, Bus. L. Today (September/October 1996)

Robert L. Haig, Can New York’s New Commercial Division Resolve Business Disputes as Well as Anyone?,  13 Touro L. Rev. 191 (Fall 1996)

Daniel Wise, Commercial Division Hails Year’s Progress, 216 New York Law Journal No. 92 (Nov. 8, 1996)

Mike France, Order in The Business Court: But Will These Special Tribunals Be Impartial?, Business Week (Dec. 9, 1996)


ABA Ad Hoc Committee on Business Courts, Towards a More Efficient Judiciary, 52 Bus. Law. 947 (1997)

Elaine R. Friedman, New Business Courts Gain Acceptance, Nat’l Law Journal (Dec. 30-1996-Jan. 6, 1997)

Dan Crawford, Ohio Bar Considers Push for Separate Business Court, Business First (Jan. 3, 1997)

Larry Smith, Rebuilding and Infrastructure: New York Firms Only Stand To Gain As Local Business Court Catches On, 16 No. 1 Of Counsel 2 (Jan. 6, 1997)

Robert L. Haig, New York State Creates A Commercial Division, 64 Defense Counsel Journal (Jan. 1997)

Marshall H. Tanick, Creation of ‘Business Court’ Is Long Overdue In Minnesota: Specialization Cold Let System Use Expertise to Provide Fair, Faster Decisions, Star-Tribune 3D (Feb. 3, 1997)

Mike Austin, Law Division adds judge to handle commercial cases, Chicago Daily Law Bulletin (Feb. 10, 1997)

Robert L. Haig, New York’s Business Court, 26 Colorado Lawyer 65 ( May 1997)

Hon. Diane P. Wood, Law, Truth, and Interpretation: A Symposium on Dennis Patterson’s Law and Truth: Speech: Generalist Judges in a Specialized World, 50 S. M. U.  L. Rev. 1755 (1997)

Michael Riccardi, Backers: Pa. Needs Commerce Court to Compete with Neighboring States, The Legal Intelligencer (Mar. 27, 1997)

Pete Millard, Reworking the business courts, Milwaukee Business Journal (Mar. 30, 1997)

Clifford Haines, It’s Time to Create a Special Business Court, 20 Pennsylvania Law Weekly No. 18 (May 5, 1997)

Frank J. Wesner, Jr., Proposed Business Court Would Hurt Plaintiffs, 20 Pennsylvania Law Weekly No. 18 (May 5, 1997)

Michael Riccardi, Start Small, New,  York Lawyers Tell Philadelphia Business Court Advocates, The Legal Intelligence (Dec. 3, 1997)


Sen. Ember Reichgott Junge, Business Courts: Efficient Justice or Two-tiered Elitism?, 24 Wm. Mitchell L. Rev. 315 (1998)

Jane C. Schlicht, Milwaukee’s New Business Court Rules, Milwaukee Bar Association Messenger (May 1998)

Michael Booth, Assembly Committee Advances Bill to Charter Business Court, 154 New Jersey Law Journal No. 8 (Nov. 23, 1998)

Nancy Ritter, Separate Business Court: Good Idea or Pointless?, New Jersey Lawyer (July 27, 1998)

Marilyn Wimp, Business court is, once more, high on bar’s agenda, Philadelphia Business Journal (July 27, 1998)


Kimberly A. Ward, Getting Down to Business–Pennsylvania Must Create a Business Court, or Face the Consequences, 18 J. L. & Com. 415 (1999)

E. Douglas Banks, Lawmaker, corporate executives push for separate ‘business court’ speed up commercial litigation, Boston Bus. Journal (Jan. 15, 1999)

Lori Litchman, A Court of Their Own; Purely Business Disputes to be Handled By New Phila. C. P. Commerce Case Program, The Legal Intelligence (Oct. 14, 1999)


Robert L. Haig, How Business Courts Can Help Each Other, Metropolitan Corporate Counsel (Mid-Atlantic Edition, Jan. 2000)

Timothy B. Wheeler, Maryland to Consider Tech Courts; Growth of Electronic Commerce Creates Need, Baltimore Sun 1D (Jan. 30, 2000)

Lori Litchman, So Far, So Good at Commerce Court, The Legal Intelligence (Feb. 14, 2000)

Commentary, Commerce Court Recognizes Needs of Commercial Litigants, The Legal Intelligencer (Mar. 13, 2000)

Todd Bishop, Business Court Looking for a Bit More Business, Philadelphia Business Journal (May 19, 2000)

John Flynn Rooney, Popularity of commercial calendar necessitates new judge, Chicago Daily Law Bulletin (July 12, 2000)

Paula Hannaford, David Rottman & Roxana Gonzales, Focus on Business and Complex Litigation Courts, 1 Civil Action: A Briefing on Civil Justice Reform Initiatives 1 (August 2000)

Mitchell L. Bach, Philadelphia Courts Launch New System For Efficient Case Management, Insight (Altman Weill Aug. 2000)

Sacha Pfeiffer, To End Delay, Court Devotes All its Time to Business Cases, Boston Globe (Oct. 19, 2000)

Ruth Bryna Cohen, Record Verdicts, Innovation Mark the Year in C.P. Court, The Legal Intelligencer (Dec. 27, 2000)


Hon. E. Norman Veasey, An Efficient Court System: A Factor To Consider In Selecting A Business Location, Interview, The Metropolitan Corporate Counsel (Northeast Edition Mar. 2001)

Hon. Henry duPont Ridgely, The Superior Court- Offering An Ideal Forum For Resolution of Business Disputes, Interview, The Metropolitan Corporate Counsel (Northeast Edition Mar. 2001)

Alvin Weiss, Legislation Isn’t Necessary to Create a Business Court, 166 New Jersey Law Journal No. 3 (Oct. 15, 2001)

Hon. Allan Van Gestel, Why a Business Litigation Session at Suffolk Superior Court, 45 Boston Bar J. 14 (November/December 2001)


Marcel Kahan & Ehud Kamar, The Myth of State Competition in Corporate Law,  55 Stan. L. Rev. 679 (2002)

Lucian Bebchuk, Alma Cohen, Allen Ferrell, Does the Evidence Favor State Competition in Corporate Law?, 90 Cal. L. Rev. 1775 (2002)

Carrie A. O’Brien, The North Carolina Business Court: North Carolina’s Special Superior Court for Complex Business Cases, 6 N.C. Banking Inst. 367 (2002)

LeRoy L. Kondo, Untangling the Tangled Web:  Federal Court Reform Through Specialization for Internet Law and Other High Technology Cases, 2002 UCLA J. L. Tech. 1 (2002)

Lijun K. Yang, First Union v. Suntrust Banks: The Fight For Wachovia And Its Impact On North Carolina Corporate Law, 6 N.C. Banking Inst. 335 (April 2002)

Thomas Muccifori, Don’t Drop the Ball a Third Time in Trying to Create a Business Court, New Jersey Law Journal (Nov. 4, 2002)

The Hon. Albert W. Sheppard: The Philadelphia Commerce Court – Dedicated to Finding the Best Solutions for Business Disputes, Interview, The Metropolitan Corporate Counsel (Dec. 2002)


James R. Munson, Business Courts and the Business Ethos Under the Directory and Napoleon (2003)

Randall T. Shepard,  Why The Courts Matter In Building A Strong Economy, 36 Ind. L. Rev. 913 (2003)

Adam W. Lasker, Bar launching committee on commercial litigation, Chicago Daily Law Bulletin (Jan. 8, 2003)

Wendy N. Davis, Taking Care of Business: Commercial Courts Draw Praise, But Some Fear They Also Draw The Best Judges, 89 ABA J. 35 (Feb. 2003) Delaware Law Weekly (Feb. 5, 2003)

Darrel W. Cole, Technology Court Could Place Delaware Courts at the Top

Shari Qualters, Business Court to Expand to Other Counties, Boston Business Journal (Feb. 17, 2003)

Hon. Leo E. Strine, Jr., “Mediation Only” Filings In The Delaware Court of Chancery: Can New Value Be Added By One Of America’s Business Courts?, U. Penn Law School Institute for Law and Economics, Research Paper No. 03-17 (Feb. 26, 2003), 53 Duke L.J. 585 (Nov. 2003)

Jacob A. Sommer, Business Litigation and Cyberspace: Will Cyber Courts Prove an Effective Tool for Luring High-Tech Business into Forum States?, 56 Vand. L. Rev. 561 (2003)

Richard L. Gemma, Rhode Island Superior Court Receiverships–  Opportunities & Recent Developments, 51 RI Bar Jnl. 25 (March/April 2003)

Hon. William B. Chandler, III, Delaware Chancery Court: Resolution of Technology Disputes And Meeting Mediation Needs, Interview, The Metropolitan Corporate Counsel (Northeast Edition Aug. 2003)

Danielle N. Rodier, Attorneys Impressed With Commerce Court, The Legal Intelligencer (Aug. 5, 2003)

Marie Price, Lawmaker touts business-only court, (Sept. 19, 2003)

Chad Kile, Lawmaker Proposes Specialized Business Court, Daily Oklahoman (Oct. 4, 2003)

Jill Krueger, Roche Takes Reins of First Business Courts, Orlando Business Journal (Nov. 3, 2003)

Hon. Steven I. Platt, Today’s Business/Technology Case Management Program, Maryland Bar Journal (Nov./Dec. 2003)


ABA Section of Business Law’s Business and Corporate Litigation Committee, Business Courts, in Recent Developments in Business and Corporate Litigation (2004-present)

Mitchell L. Bach & Lee Applebaum, A History of the Creation and Jurisdiction of Business Courts in the Last Decade, 60 Bus. Law. 147 (2004)

Jill Hertz Blaustein, Delaware Expands Court of Chancery’s Jurisdiction; Courts Will Handle Technology Disputes and Mediations of Business Disputes, 29 Litigation News No. 2 (Jan. 2004)

Albert H. Manwaring, IV, John Wallen and Kristen Foley, Review and Update on the Court of Chancery’s New Jurisdiction, 27 In Re: The Journal of the Delaware State Bar Association No. 7 (Feb. 2004)

Mike Schneider, State’s First Business Court Opening Today, Could Expand, Miami Herald (Feb. 5, 2004)

Josy W. Ingersoll and Matthew P. Denn, Delaware Debuts Technology Court, Mediation State Remains on Cutting Edge in Handling Business Disputes, Delaware Law Weekly (Feb. 25, 2004)

Tim Dibble & Geoff Gallas, Best Practices in U.S. Business Courts, Court Manager (Vol. 19, Issue 2, 2004)

Mike Dayton, Specialty Commercial Courts On The Rise In Region, Atlantic Coast In-House (May 21, 2004)

Paula L. Hannaford-Agor, Complex Litigation: Key Findings from the California Pilot Program, 3 Civil Action No. 1 (NCSC, Winter 2004)


Diane L. Akers, A Business Court in Michigan, 25 Mich. Bus. L.J. 9 (Fall 2005)


Ari Davis, Moving From Mandatory: Making ADR Voluntary in New York Commercial Cases, 8 Cardozo J. Conflict Resol. 283 (2006)

Hon. Jack B. Jacobs, The Role of Specialized Courts in Resolving Corporate Governance Disputes in the United States and in the EU: An American Judge’s Perspective, paper presented at the OECD Exploratory Meeting on Resolution of Corporate Governance Related Disputes  (Stockholm, March 20, 2006)

Gary W. Jackson, Do Business Courts Really Mean Business?, Trial (June 2006)

Lee Applebaum, Letter to Editor in response to Gary W. Jackson,The Business of Business Courts, Trial (Sept. 2006)

Marteen J. Kroeze, The Ducth Companies and Business Court as a Specialized Court (August 1, 2006)


Lee Applebaum, Complex Litigation Courts and Business Courts: Some Brief Observations on Connections and Similarities, paper prepared for the program Business and Corporate Litigation Committee Forum: An Introduction to Business Courts and Complex Litigation Courts – What Works Best and Why, Annual Meeting of ABA Section of Business Law (San Francisco, August 13, 2007)

Ann Tucker Nees, Making a Case for Business Courts: A Survey of and Proposed Framework to Evaluate Business Courts, 24 Ga. St. U. L. Rev. 477 (2007)

Alvin Stauber, Commercial Courts: A 21st Century Necessity?, Judicial Studies Inst. J. (Volume 1, 2007)

Judicial Council of California, Final Report of California Judicial Council Business Court Study Task Force (May 16, 1997)

George Burns, Maine’s New Business And Consumer Court: The Start Of Something Big?, 22 Maine Bar. J. 152 (Summer 2007)

William O. Pitts, Business court in Oklahoma still good idea, The Oklahoma City Journal Record (July 9, 2007)

Schuyler Kropf, [South Carolina] Business court to get trial run, The Post and Courier (Oct. 1, 2007)


Lee Applebaum, The “New” Business Courts, Bus. L. Today (March/April 2008)

Vice Chancellor Donald F. Parsons & the Hon. Joseph F. Slights, III, The History of Delaware’s Business Courts: Their Rise to Preeminence, Bus. L. Today (March/April 2008)

Ralph Peeples & Hanne Nyheim, Beyond the Border: An International Perspective on Business Courts, Bus. L. Today (March/April 2008)

Pamela J. Roberts, Carmen Harper Thomas & Cory E. Manning, South Carolina’s Business Court Pilot Program, South Carolina Lawyer (May 2008)

Jessica Legge, Courts of Chancery, Times West Virginian (May 10, 2008)

E-discovery rules may be tested in business courts, Florida Bar News (June 15, 2008)

Kevin Kemper, Ohio Supreme Court test to set aside ‘commercial dockets’ for biz disputes, Business First of Columbus (July 4, 2008)

Jon Newberry, Hamilton County judges to test special docket, Business Courier (July 4, 2008)

David Ziemer, New civil court local rules proposed in Milwaukee County, Wisconsin Law Journal (July 7, 2008)

Timothy J. Schutz, The Case For Active Case Management, Colorado Lawyer (Aug. 2008)

Hon. John P. Bessey, New court will focus on complex business cases, The Columbus Dispatch (Sept. 3, 2008)

Business Courts May Be Helpful, The Intelligence / Wheeling News-Register (Sept. 9, 2008)

Justin D.Anderson, Lawmaker wants to create court just for business issues, Charleston Daily Mail (Nov. 8, 2008)


Gralf-Peter Calliess and Hermann Hoffmann, Judicial Services For Global Commerce —  Made In Germany?, 10  German Law Journal 115 (Feb. 1, 2009)

Theodore Eisenberg and Geoffrey P. Miller, The Flight To New York: An Empirical Study Of Choice Of Law And Choice Of Forum Clauses In Publicly-Held Companies’ Contracts, 30 Cardozo L.R. 1475 (March 2009)

Lee Applebaum, The Commerce Court’s First Decade, The Philadelphia Lawyer (Spring 2009)

Lee Applebaum, Some Observations on Modern Business Courts and The Bar’s Role in Their Development, paper prepared for the ABA Section of Business Law’s Business Bar Leaders Conference, sponsored by its Committee on State and Local Bar Relations (Chicago, May 12-13, 2009)

Lee Applebaum & Cory Manning, Specialized Business and Commercial Courts Around the Globe: A Summary World View, paper prepared for the program Business Courts Around the World, Spring Meeting of ABA Section of Business Law (Vancouver, April 17, 2009)

Association of Corporate Counsel, Business Courts (Oct. 18, 2009)

Christopher R. Drahozal, Business Courts and the Future of Arbitration, 10 Cardozo J. of Conflict Resol. 491 (2009)

Hon. Randy J. Holland, Delaware’s Business Courts: Litigation Leadership, 34 J. Corp. L. 771 (2009)


Hon. Ben F. Tennille, Lee Applebaum, & Anne Tucker Nees, Getting to Yes in Specialized Courts: The Unique Role of ADR in Business Court Cases, 11 Pepp. Disp. Resol. L. J. 35 (2010)

Hon. Ben F. Tennille & Corrine B. Jones, Developments at the North Carolina Business Court, in Future Trends in State Courts (National Center for State Courts, 2010)

Andrew A. Powell, It’s Nothing Personal, It’s Just Business: A Commentary on the South Carolina Business Court Pilot Program, 61 S.C. L. Rev. 823 (2010)

Pamela J. Roberts, Carmen Harper Thomas & Cory E. Manning, Getting Down to Business:  The Successes of the S.C. Business Court Pilot Program, South Carolina Lawyer (Jan. 2010)

Hon. J. Scott Vowell, Creation of Commercial Litigation Docket in Birmingham Division, Tenth Judicial Circuit, 71 Alabama Lawyer 56 (Jan. 2010)


Lee Applebaum, The Steady Growth of Business Courts, in Future Trends in State Courts (National Center for State Courts 2011)

Lawrence Baum, Specializing the Courts 192-194 (U. Chicago Press 2011)

Richard Craver, Judge Tennille set the bar for state business courts, Winston-Salem Journal (March 13, 2011)


John Coyle, Business Courts and Inter-State Competition, 53 Wm. & Mary L. Rev. 1915 (2012)


Douglas L. Toering, The New Michigan Business Court Legislation: Twelve Years in the Making, Bus. L. Today (January 2013)

Hon. Christopher C. Wilkes, West Virginia’s New Business Court Division: An Overview of the Development and Operation of Trial Court Rule 29, W. Va. Lawyer (January-March, 2013)


Hon. Timothy Driscoll, Keeping Current: The New York State Supreme Court Commercial Division: Past, Present, and Future, Bus. L. Today (October 2014)

Megan K. Johnson, Fulton County Business Court: A Specialized Solution for the Modern Business Community, 30 Ga. St. U. L. Rev. 1027 (2014)

Andrew Jones, Toward a Stronger Economic Future for North Carolina: Precedent and Opinions of the North Carolina Business Court, 6 Elon L. Rev. 189 (2014)

Hon. Christopher C. Wilkes, Emerging Fronts In Alternative Dispute Resolution Judicial Mediation In West Virginia’s Business Court, West Virginia Lawyer (April-June 2014)

Richard L. Renck & Carmen H. Thomas, Recent Developments in Business Commercial Courts in the United States and Abroad, Bus. L. Today (May 2014)

Douglas L. Toering, Michigan’s Business Court And Commercial Litigation: Past, Present, and Future, Michigan Bar Journal (Aug. 2014)


Gregory Day, Revisiting the North Carolina Business Court After Twenty Years, 37 Campbell L. Rev. 277 (2015)

Matthew D. Cain and Steven Davidoff Solomon, A Great Game: The Dynamics Of State Competition And Litigation,  100 Iowa L. Rev. 465 (Jan. 2015)

Hon. Timothy Driscoll, Keeping Current: The New York State Supreme Court Commercial Division: Past, Present, and Future (Part Two), Bus. L. Today (July 2015)

Hon. John C. Foster & Richard L. Hurford, ADR within ADR: Business Courts as Laboratories for Litigation Process Improvement, Michigan Bar J. 20 (January 2015)

Joshua Halen, Transforming Nevada into the Judicial Delaware of the West; How to Fix Nevada’s Business Courts, 16 J. Bus. & Sec. L. 139 (2015)

Mark Meltzer, New Court Venue For Commercial Litigation, Arizona Attorney (June 2015)

Hon. Sharon Lee and Justin Seamon, Tennessee is Open for Business: What You Need to Know About Tennessee’s New Business Court, Tennessee Bar Journal (Sept. 2015)

Hon. Joseph R. Slights, III & Elizabeth A. Powers, Delaware Courts Continue to Excel in Business Litigation with the Success of the Complex Commercial Litigation Division of the Superior Court, 70 Bus. Law. 1059 (Fall 2015)

Jenni Bergal, ‘Business Courts’ Take on Complex Corporate Conflicts, Stateline (Pew, Oct. 28, 2015)

Douglas L. Toering, Michigan’s Business Courts: Experimenting with Efficiency and Enjoying the Results, Michigan Bar Journal (Nov. 2015)

Hon. Sean D. Wallace, Business Courts go Global, International Judicial Monitor (Winter 2015)


Lee Applebaum & Mitchell L. Bach, Business Courts in the United States: 20 Years of Innovation, in The Improvement of the Administration of Justice (ABA, 8th Ed. 2016)

Tyler Moorehead, Business Courts: Their Advantages, Implementation Strategies, and Indiana’s Pursuit of its Own, 50 Ind. L. Rev. 397 (2016)

A year on, NJ business courts are on top of issues, Courier Post (Mar. 13, 2016)

Spencer C. Pittman, Business Courts: Specialized Courts for Complex Business Litigation, 87 Oklahoma Bar J. 805 (April 2016)

Douglas L. Toering, It’s My First Business Court Case, Michigan Bar Journal (June 2016)

Jody Rhodes , A Roadmap To A Statewide Business Court Model In Georgia, 10 J. Marshall L. J. 1 (2016-2017)

Mark H. Alcott, The Formation of New York’s Commercial Division: A Personal Reminiscence, 11 Jud. Notice 50 (2016)


Jens Dammann, Business Courts and Firm Performance, Univ. of Texas L. & Econ. Research Paper No. 564 (2017)

Hon. Timothy Driscoll, The Time Has Come (Accompanied by Affidavits): A Method for More Expeditious Trials in Commercial Cases, Bus. L. Today (July 2017)

Gerald v. Mantese, Douglas L. Toering, & Fatima M. Mansour, Michigan Business Courts and Oppression: A Review of how Michigan Business Courts have Treated Oppression Issues Since Madugula v Taub, 96 Mich. Bar J. 18 (January 2017)

Douglas L. Toering, Touring the Business Courts, 37 Mich. Bus. L. J. 13 (Fall 2017)


Hon. Michael J. Aprahamian, The Need For Speed: Commercial Courts Open For Business, 91 Wis. Law. 41 (Jan. 2018)

Harmony Conti Bodurtha & Catherine A. Shaghalian, The Business Calendar: A Deeper Bench, Rhode Island Bar J. (March/April 2018)

Richard L. Hurford, Best Practices: Is it Time for Litigators to Reconsider the Benefits of Legal Process Improvement? Take a Lead from Michigan Courts, 97 Mich. Bar J. (March 2018)

Joseph A. McCahery and F. Alexander de Roode, Corporate Litigation in Specialized Business Courts, in The Oxford Handbook of Corporate Law and Governance (May 2018)

Douglas L. Toering & James A. Buster, Touring the Business Courts, 38 Mich. Bus. L. J. 12 (Summer 2018)

Jens Christian Dammann, Dissertation: Essays on Corporate Law and Economics (2018)


Andrew W. Homer, Splitting the Ninth Circuit and Preparing for the Future: A Proposal for a Federal Business Court, 19 Wake Forest J. Bus. & Intell. Prop. L. 307 (Spring 2019)

Marta Requejo Isidro, International Commercial Courts in the Litigation Market, Max Planck Institute, Luxembourg Research Paper Series (2019)

S. I. Strong, International Commercial Courts and the United States: An Outlier by Choice and by Constitutional Design? In International Business Courts – A European and Global Perspective (April 22, 2019). Forthcoming; University of Missouri School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2019-08, and in International Business Courts: A European and Global Perspective 255 (Xandra Kramer and John Sorabji, eds. 2019)

Douglas L. Toering & Emily S. Fields, Touring the Business Courts, 39 Mich. Bus. L. J. 9 (Spring 2019)

Laura A. Shoop and L. Whitney Woodward, HB239 – Business Courts,  36 Ga. St. U. L. Rev. 1 (Fall 2019)

International Business Courts: A European and Global Perspective (Xandra Kramer and John Sorabji, eds. 2019)

ABA Business Law Section, The Business Courts Benchbook: Procedures and Best Practices in Business and Commercial Cases (Vanessa Tiradentes, et. al., eds. 2019)

Pamela K. Bookman, The Adjudication Business, Temple University Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2019-08, and 45 Yale J. Int’l Law 227 (Summer 2020)


Ilias Bantekas, The Rise of Transnational Commercial Courts: The Astana International Finance Centre Court, 33 Pace Int’l L. Rev. 1 (Winter 2020)

Douglas L. Toering and Ian M. Williamson, Business Courts in Michigan — Seven Years and Counting, Michigan Bar Journal (Jan. 2020)

Mary Angell, Chancery Court: Wyoming’s Newest Court Could Be Up and Running in 2021, 43 Wyo. Law. 20 (April 2020)

Hon. Brian Stern and Christopher J. Fragomeni, An Introduction to the Business Calendar, The Business Recovery Program, and Virtual Hearings, 68 RI Bar Jnl. 3 (May 2020)

Pamela K. Bookman, The Adjudication Business, 45 Yale Journal of International Law 227 (Summer 2020)

William J. Moon, Delaware’s New Competition, 114 Northwestern U. L. Rev. 227 (2020)

Gerhard Wagner & Arvid Antz, Commercial Courts in Germany, 79 Ius Gentium 3 (2020)

Lee Applebaum, Mitchell Bach, Eric Milby and Richard Renck, Through the Decades: The Development of Business Courts in the United States of America, 75 Bus. Law. 2053 (2020)

Hon. Christopher P. Yates, The ABA’s Contribution to the Development of Business Courts in the United States, 75 Bus. Law. 2077 (2020)

Business Courts, in Commercial Litigation in New York State Courts (Fifth Ed., Robert L. Haig Editor), Volume 3, Chapter 14

Jeroen A. van der Weide, The Netherlands Commercial Courts (NCC): Its Challenges And Perspectives, 79 Ius Gentium 81 (2020)


S. I. Strong, International Commercial Courts in the United States and Australia:  Possible, Probable, Preferable?,  American J. of Int’l Law (2021)

Pamela K. Bookman, Arbitral Courts, 61 Va. J. Int’l L. 161 (Winter 2021)

Ido Baum & Dov Solomon, The Least Uncomfortable Choice:  Why Delaware and England Win the Global Corporate Law Race, 73 S.C. L. Rev. 387 (Winter 2021)

Lon Roberts, The commercial docket pilot program: Wisconsin’s ‘business court’, Wisconsin L. J. (March 2, 2021)

Andrew Strickler, Georgia ‘Opt-Out’ Rule an Outlier in Business Court Trend, Law360 Pulse (March 12, 2021)

Giesela Rühla, The Resolution of International Commercial Disputes—What Role (If Any) For Continental Europe?, 115 American J. of Int’l Law 11 (2021)

William J. Moon, Delaware’s Global Competitiveness, 106 Iowa L. Rev. 1683 (May 2021)

Douglas L. Toering and Nicole B. Lockhart, Business Dockets in Michigan – Ten Years with More to Come, 41 Michigan Bus. L. J. 12 (Summer 2021)

Douglas L. Toering and Fatima Bolyea, Touring the Business Courts – An Insight at the State Level, 41 Michigan Bus. L. J. 11 (Fall 2021)

Zachary D. Clopton & D. Theodore Rave, MDL in the States, 115 Northwestern U. L. Rev. 1649 (2021)

Y.I.I Badr, International Business Courts as a Forum for Adjudicating Aviation Disputes, in  Old and New Disputes in Aerospace Law (Transnational Dispute Management Special Issue – 2021)

Benjamin Burningham, Open for Business: Chancery Court Goes Live on December 1, 2021, 44 Wyo. Law. (Oct. 2021)

Roya Naghepour, Boom or Bust: Ensuring the Georgia State-wide Business Court Fulfills Its Constitutional Promise, 56 Georgia L. Rev. 423 (Winter 2021)

Hon. Michael J. Aprahamian, Commercial Court: Expanded for Business, 94 Wis. Law 45 (Dec. 2021)


Weixia Gu, Jacky Tam, The Global Rise of International Commercial Courts: Typology and Power Dynamics, 22 Chi. J. Int’l L. 443 (2022)

Pierluigi Matera, Delaware’s Dominance, Wyoming’s Dare: New Challenge, Same Outcome?, 27 Fordham J. Corp. & Fin. L. 73 (2022)

Richard G. Niess, Why The Current Business Court Needs Reform, 95 Wis. Law 42 (Feb. 2022)

Douglas L. Toering and Fatima Bolyea, Touring the Business Courts , 42 Michigan Bus. L. J. 11 (Spring 2022)