Business Court Books and Articles Bibliography (Regularly Updated)

This post will be updated periodically. It includes a selected bibliography of books and articles on business/commercial courts found in law reviews, bar journals, book chapters, program presentations, and other publications.

The Business Courts Blog separately has posted links to business court reports and studies, going as far back as 1994. Links to those various posts can be found here (1994-2009), here (2010-2018), and here (2019-present).

The ABA Section of Business Law’s Business and Corporate Litigation Committee annually publishes the book, Recent Developments in Business and Corporate Litigation (formerly known as Annual Review of Developments in Business and Corporate Litigation). This annual publication has included a chapter on business courts from 2004 to the present.  In more recent times, these chapters have sometimes been published as standalone documents online, on the Section of Business Law’s Business Law Today website.

Selected Business Court Bibliography by Year of Publication


Rodolphe J.A. de Seife, A Plea for the Creation of Commercial Courts, 17 New England Law Review 437 (Spring 1982)


Bernard H. Goldstein, Alternatives for Resolving Business Transaction Disputes, 58 St. John’s L. Rev. 69 (Fall 1983)


John Bell, Principles and Methods of Judicial Selection in France, 61 S. Cal. L. Rev. 1757 (1988)


Hon. Frank H. Easterbrook, Symposium on the Seventh Circuit as a Commercial Court: Afterword: On Being a Commercial Court, 65 Chi-Kent L. Rev. 877 (1989)

Richard A. Booth, Symposium on the Seventh Circuit as a Commercial Court: Forward: The Seventh Circuit as a Commercial Court, 65 Chi-Kent L. Rev. 667 (1989)

Rochelle C. Dreyfuss, The Federal Circuit: A Case Study in Specialized Courts, 64 NYU L. Rev. No. 1 (1989)


Fred Maher, Business Law Court Proposed, 13 Pennsylvania Law Journal No. 34 (Sept. 17, 1990)

Howard Gibson, State Has Designs on Delaware: Business Court Rivalry?, 13 Nat’l Law Journal No. 8 (Oct. 29, 1990)

William E. Zeiter and Wendy L. Bell, Pennsylvania Courts of Special Chancery, 24 Insights No. 11 (Nov. 1990)

Bernard S. Black, Is Corporate Law Trivial?: A Polictical and Economic Analysis, 84 Nw. U.L. Rev. 542 (Winter 1990)


Paul Lansing & Nina Miley, The Right to a Jury Trial in Complex Commercial Litigation, A Comparative Law Perspective, 14 Loyola of Los Angeles International and Comparative Law Review 121 (Nov. 1991)


Karen Donavan, Pa. Business Court: Proposals Push for Second Attempt, 14 Nat’l Law Journal No. 35 (May 4, 1992)

John Flynn Rooney, Individual Calendar Pilot Project to Start Next Month in Law Division, Chi. Daily L. Bull. (Aug. 19, 1992)

Gary Spencer, Commercial Court Parts to Open in Manhattan: Specialized Judges to Preside Starting Jan. 1, 208 New York Law Journal No. 52 (Sept. 14, 1992)

Martin Fox, Plans Unveiled for Faster Discovery, Early Trials in New Commercial Parts, 208 New York Law Journal No. 60 (Sept. 24, 1992)

Hon. William H. Rehnquist, The Prominence of the Delaware Court of Chancery in the State-Federal Joint Venture of Providing Justice, 48 Bus. Law. 351 (Nov. 1992)

Hon. William T. Allen, A Bicentennial Toast to the Delaware Court of Chancery, 48 Bus. Law. 363 (Nov. 1992)

State of New York, Executive Chamber, Mario Cuomo Governor, Press Release on creation of Task Force on Commercial Courts (Nov. 4, 1992)


Edward V. DiLello, Fighting  Fire with Firefighters: A Proposal for Expert Judges as the Trial Level, 93 Colum. L. Rev. 473 (1993)

Edward Felsenthal, It’s All Business For Novel Court Now In Session, Wall Street Journal (Jan. 5, 1993)

Edward Felsenthal, In Manhattan, New Court Cuts Business Cases, Wall Street Journal (Jan. 5, 1993)

Ira Pilchen, Court Reform Watch: New York Tries Commercial Cases Separately, 76 Judicature No. 5 (Feb.-Mar. 1993)

John L. Kennedy, Chancery Court Proposal Sent to Full Senate: Business Court Supporters Optimistic of Passage, 16 Pennsylvania Law Journal No. 20 (May 17, 1993)

Hon. Jonathan Lippman, The State Courts: An Emerging Haven for Commercial Litigation, 65 NY State Bar Journal No. 4 (May/June 1993)

Daniel Wise, Commercial Parts Struggle with Mission, 209 New York Law Journal No. 122 (June 28, 1993)

Joseph F. Troy, Judicial Specialization: A Proposal for Business and Commercial Law Division in the Superior Courts, 27 Beverly Hills Bar Journal No. 3 (Summer 1993)

David Bailey, Commercial Litigation Heads to New Calendar in Law Division, 139 Chicago Daily Law Bulletin No.l 168 (Aug. 27, 1993)

Gary Spencer, Kaye Signals Willingness to Explore Business Courts, 210 New York Law Journal No. 59 (Sept. 23, 1993)

Jill Chanen, Judge sees justice, not speed, as commercial calendar goal, Chicago Lawyer (Nov. 1993)

Milo Geyelin, Delaware Plans Sped-Up Business Court, Wall Street Journal (Dec. 10, 1993)


R. Franklin Balotti and Roland E. Brandel, Business Courts in the United States, American Bar Association Section of Business Law Task Force on Business Courts (1994)

Gary Spencer, Cuomo Seeks State Commercial Court; Other Bills Aimed at Improvement of Business Climate, N.Y.L.J. (Jan. 6, 1994)

Gary Spencer, Commercial Parts Praised at Bar Meeting, N.Y.L.J. (Jan. 27, 1994)

Theresa Humphrey, Del. Business Court to Speed Litigation; Discovery Would Be Reduced, Juries, Punitive Damages Ended, The Legal Intelligencer (Feb. 2, 1994)

Jennifer Thelan, Favoritism or Good Business? A Proposal for Special Business Courts is Dividing the Bar, the Bench and Corporate Interests, The Recorder (Feb. 8, 1994)

Michael J. Hall, Bar: No Taxes for Business Court; governors vote to oppose bill to create 4-judge LA pilot project, 107 Los Angeles Daily Journal No. 39 (March 1, 1994)

Jay W. Eisenhofer and Michael Houghton, Corporate Law: Delaware’s new summary procedure to resolve business disputes, which goes into effect this spring, takes aim at alleviating the so-called crisis in litigation, Nat’l Law Journal (April 4, 1994)

Tom Dressler, Senate Panel Kills Plan for Special Court: Business Wanted Separate Unit for Commercial Cases; was proposed for LA, 107 Los Angeles Daily Journal No. 81 (April 28, 1994)

Thomas A. Slowy, Pennsylvania Chancery Court is a Sound Proposal: But Merit Selection and No Jury Trials Stand as Controversial Components, Pennsylvania Law Weekly  (May 2, 1994)

Leonard Post, Some Courts Are All Business, Study: Commercial Tracks Are Thriving, Nat’l Law Journal (May 17, 1994)

Leonard Post, States take up versions of the specialized business court, The Recorder (May 19, 1994)

Leonard Post, Complex litigation concerns of critics, Miami Daily Business Review (May 21, 1994)

Martin Fox, Bar Report Urges Expansion of Commercial Parts; County Lawyers’ Panel Reviews Causes for Delay, N.Y.L.J. (July 20, 1994)

Douglas K. Devries, Designer Gavels: Establishing Business Courts Would Create a Special Class of Litigants and Deny Access to Others, California Bar Journal (July 1994)

Joseph F. Troy, Designer Gavels: California Litigants Suffer Because We Do Not Provide Them with a High Level of Expertise on the Bench, California Bar Journal (July 1994)

Joseph F. Troy, Business Courts for California: A Status Report and the Argument for Change, CEB Cal. Bus. L. Rep. (July 1994)

S. Gale Dick, Special Courts Now Handle Business Cases, 12 Alternatives to the High Cost of Litigation 97 (Aug. 1994)

Stephanie Richardson Hite, Chancery Court Proposal in Business Again: But Opposition Remains Despite Revisions, 17 Pennsylvania Law Weekly No. 43 (Oct. 24, 1994)

Gary Spencer, Investigation Commission Urges State Commercial Court, 212 New York Law Journal No. 99 (Nov. 22, 1994)


R. Franklin Balotti & Roland E. Brandel, Business Bench: Are Special Courts the Future?, Bus. L. Today  (January/February 1995)

Hon. Thomas L. Ambro, How Delaware Does Business Courts, Bus. L. Today (January/February 1995)

Commercial and Federal Litigation Section of the New York State Bar Association, A Commercial Court For New York (Jan. 19, 1995)

Daniel Wise, Commercial Parts Earn High Marks, New York Law Journal (Jan. 9, 1995)

Daniel Wise, State Bar Endorses Creation Of Separate Corporate Court, New York Law Journal (Jan. 19, 1995)

Linda Himelstein, The Case for a Business Court, Business Week (Mar. 13, 1995)

David Bailey, 2 More Calendars for Commercial Litigation Set to Open, Chi. Daily L. Bull. (Mar. 29, 1995)

Paul F. Zendzian, A Day in Court in Europe’s Newest Country, 10 Me. B.J. 174 (May 1995)

Marcia Coyle and Claudia MacLachlan, Probing the Backlog: NLJ Finds that Most Intractable Cases Involve Business Disputes, 17 Nat’l Law Journal No. 49 (Aug. 7, 1995)

Mason Peters, Court Showing N. C. is Serious About Business, Official Says, The Virginian-Pilot & Ledger Star (Norfolk Sept. 6, 1995)

Daniel Wise, Supreme Court Commercial Division Set Up, New York Law Journal (Oct. 11, 1995)

Court for Business Disputes, Wall Street Journal (Oct. 11, 1995)

Jacqueline Bueno, North Carolina to Establish Business Court, Wall St. J. (Oct. 25, 1995)

Justice Mitchell Sounds Alarm, North Carolina Lawyers Weekly (Oct. 30, 1995)

Thomas J. Hall, New York Supreme Court’s New Commercial Division: Mandatory Mediation And A Move Closer To The Federal System, Metropolitan Corporate Counsel (Dec. 1995)

Rochelle C. Dreyfuss, Forums of the Future: The Role of Specialized Courts in Resolving Business Disputes, 61 Brook. L. Rev. 1 (1995)

John J. Gibbons, The Quality of Judges is What Counts in the End, 61 Brook. L. Rev. 45 (1995)

Pauline Neman, Commentary on the Paper by Professor Dreyfus, 61 Brook. L. Rev. 53 (1995)

Jeffrey W. Stempel, Two Cheers for Specialization, 61 Brook. L. Rev. 67 (1995)

Daniel A. Fulco, Delaware’s Response to Inefficienct Costly Court Systems, and a Comparison to Federal Reform, 20 Del. J. Corp. L. 937 (1995)


Margaret Eckenbrecht, A Commercial Venture: Supporters portray business courts as white knights rescuing overburdened justice system, 82 ABA J. 35 (Jan. 1996)

Complex Business Issues to Be Heard in North Carolina Business Court, B.N.A. Corp. Couns. Daily (Jan. 30, 1996)

States Move to Establish Specialized Business Courts in Effort to Streamline Cases, Heighten Bench Expertise, B.N.A. Corp. Couns. Daily (Mar. 19, 1996)

Time for a Business Division in the Superior Court, New Jersey Lawyer (April 29, 1996)

John L. W. Garrou, Business Court Not Business as Usual, 18 Legal Times No. 50 (April 29, 1996)

New Jersey Administrative Office of the Courts, Press Release, Chief Justice Robert N. Wilentz announced that the New Jersey state court system will be launching a special program for the handling of complex commercial litigation at the trial level (June 10, 1996)

Michael Riccardi, Commerce Court Coming?; Senate Panel Backs Bill Creating Judicial Body for Business Disputes, The Legal Intelligencer (June 19, 1996)

Central European and Eurasian Law Initiative, Specialized Courts: A Concept Paper (June 25, 1996)

Robert L. Haig, New York Creates Business Courts: If They Can Make it There, Can They Make it Anywhere?, Bus. L. Today  (September/October 1996)

Roland Brandel and Robert L. Haig, Business Courts On The Move, Bus. L. Today (September/October 1996)

Robert L. Haig, Can New York’s New Commercial Division Resolve Business Disputes as Well as Anyone?,  13 Touro L. Rev. 191 (Fall 1996)

Daniel Wise, Commercial Division Hails Year’s Progress, 216 New York Law Journal No. 92 (Nov. 8, 1996)

Mike France, Order in The Business Court: But Will These Special Tribunals Be Impartial?, Business Week (Dec. 9, 1996)

Hon. Jonathan Lippman, The First Anniversary of the Commercial Division, Metropolitan Corporate Counsel (Dec. 1996)

Brad Bole, States Give Special Courts the Business, 21 A.B.A. Sec. Litig. News 1 (1996)


ABA Ad Hoc Committee on Business Courts, Towards a More Efficient Judiciary, 52 Bus. Law. 947 (1997)

Elaine R. Friedman, New Business Courts Gain Acceptance, Nat’l Law Journal (Dec. 30-1996-Jan. 6, 1997)

Dan Crawford, Ohio Bar Considers Push for Separate Business Court, Business First (Jan. 3, 1997)

Larry Smith, Rebuilding and Infrastructure: New York Firms Only Stand To Gain As Local Business Court Catches On, 16 No. 1 Of Counsel 2 (Jan. 6, 1997)

Robert L. Haig, New York State Creates A Commercial Division, 64 Defense Counsel Journal 17 (Jan. 1997)

David Bailey, Case Disposition Time Continues to Drop, Chi. Daily L. Bull., (Jan. 8, 1997)

Marshall H. Tanick, Creation of ‘Business Court’ Is Long Overdue In Minnesota: Specialization Cold Let System Use Expertise to Provide Fair, Faster Decisions, Star-Tribune 3D (Feb. 3, 1997)

Mike Austin, Law Division adds judge to handle commercial cases, Chicago Daily Law Bulletin (Feb. 10, 1997)

Business Court Succeeding But Lacks Resources, North Carolina Lawyers Weekly (Mar. 10, 1997)

Clifford E Haines: Creation of a Specialized Business Court, Testimony of Clifford E. Haines, Chancellor, Philadelphia Bar Association, Before Pennsylvania Senate Judiciary Committee Regarding Creation of a Specialized Business Court, Philadelphia Bar Association webpage (Mar. 1997)

Nathan Gorenstein, Lawyers Pleas for Court for Business, Philadelphia Inquirer (Mar. 27, 1997)

Michael Riccardi, Backers: Pa. Needs Commerce Court to Compete with Neighboring States, The Legal Intelligencer (Mar. 27, 1997)

Pete Millard, Reworking the business courts, Milwaukee Business Journal (Mar. 30, 1997)

Robert L. Haig, Litigators Should Nurture Business Courts, 10 California Litigation No. 3 (Spring 1997)

Lynne J. Tomeny, The Corporate Bar Issues a Policy Statement Supporting Creation Of A Connecticut Business Court, Metropolitan Corporate Counsel (April 1997)

Clifford Haines, It’s Time to Create a Special Business Court, 20 Pennsylvania Law Weekly No. 18 (May 5, 1997)

Frank J. Wesner, Jr., Proposed Business Court Would Hurt Plaintiffs, 20 Pennsylvania Law Weekly No. 18 (May 5, 1997)

Hon. Judith S. Kaye, Think Global and Litigate Local; Commercial Division a World-Class Forum, New York Law Journal (May 12, 1997)

Judicial Council of California, Final Report of California Judicial Council Business Court Study Task Force (May 16, 1997)

Robert L. Haig, New York’s Business Court, 26 Colorado Lawyer 65 ( May 1997)

Jack Scism, Judgment Daze  – State officials left a lot of things hanging when they created one of the nation’s first business courts, Business North Carolina (June 1997)

Corporate, Regional Bars Sponsor Connecticut Business Court Presentation, Metropolitan Corporate Counsel (July 1997)

A Case Study in Successful Judicial Administration: Commercial Division, New York State Supreme Court, N.Y. Litigator (Aug. 1997)

ABA Highlights Business Courts At Annual Meeting In San Francisco, Metropolitan Corporate Counsel (Greater New York Metro Edition Sept. 1997)

State Business Courts Here to Stay; Concept Gets Entrenched Despite Setbacks, 10 Commercial Lending Litigation News 8 (Sept. 5, 1997)

Robert C. Meade, Jr., Commercial Division ADR: A Survey of Participants, New York Law Journal (Oct. 17, 1997)

Michael Riccardi, Start Small, New York Lawyers Tell Philadelphia Business Court Advocates, The Legal Intelligencer (Dec. 3, 1997)

Hon. Diane P. Wood, Law, Truth, and Interpretation: A Symposium on Dennis Patterson’s Law and Truth: Speech: Generalist Judges in a Specialized World, 50 S. M. U.  L. Rev. 1755 (1997)


Sen. Ember Reichgott Junge, Business Courts: Efficient Justice or Two-tiered Elitism?, 24 Wm. Mitchell L. Rev. 315 (1998)

NY Commercial Division Celebrates Second Anniversary, Metropolitan Corporate Counsel (Greater New York Metro Edition Jan. 1998)

Robert L. Haig, Business Courts Can Improve State Judicial and Legal Systems, Legal Opinion Letter, Washington Legal Foundation (Jan. 9, 1998)

Heather MacGregor, Bringing the Business Back in Special forums for complex business cases seek to stanch commercial bar’s loss of confidence in the courts, 151 New Jersey Law Journal 549 (Feb. 9, 1998)

Leah Beth Ward, Business Court Pleads Poverty, Charlotte Observer (Mar. 24, 1998)

Cliff Peale, Business Courts Proposed, Cincinatti Post (Apr. 10, 1998)

Hon. Burrell Ives Humphreys, Complex Litigation: The View From The Bench, New Jersey Law Journal (April 20, 1998)

Jane C. Schlicht, Milwaukee’s New Business Court Rules, Milwaukee Bar Association Messenger (May 1998)

Create A Complex Litigation Court – Not A Business Court, Connecticut Law Tribune (May 25, 1998)

Civil Justice Reform: ACCA’S Policy and Position, 16 No. 3 ACCA Docket 30 (May/June 1998)

Ad Hoc Committee on Business Courts of ABA Section of Business Law, The Status of Business Courts in the United States, (Survey June 5, 1998)

Nancy Ritter, Separate Business Court: Good Idea or Pointless?, New Jersey Lawyer (July 27, 1998)

Marilyn Wimp, Business court is, once more, high on bar’s agenda, Philadelphia Business Journal (July 27, 1998)

Rob Garver, Are New Jersey Courts Taking Care Of Business, Business News New Jersey (Oct. 7, 1998)

Alex Philippidis, Courting Business – Court to hear business litigation separately, Westchester County Business Journal (Nov. 9, 1998)

Michael Booth, Assembly Committee Advances Bill to Charter Business Court, 154 New Jersey Law Journal No. 8 (Nov. 23, 1998)

Commercial courts coming to Nassau, Long Island Business News (Dec. 18, 1998)


Kimberly A. Ward, Getting Down to Business–Pennsylvania Must Create a Business Court, or Face the Consequences, 18 J. L. & Com. 415 (1999)

Douglas Banks, Lawmaker, corporate executives push for separate ‘business court’ speed up commercial litigation, Boston Bus. Journal (Jan. 15, 1999)

Richard M. Goldstein and Bradley I. Ruskin, A Visit to a New York Court Need Not Be An Ordeal, Nat’l L. J. (June 18, 1999) 

A Year of Advocacy, Message From the 1999 Policy Committee Chairman ACCA’s Board of Directors, 17 No. 5 ACCA Docket 46 (Sept./Oct. 1999)

Lori Litchman, A Court of Their Own; Purely Business Disputes to be Handled By New Phila. C. P. Commerce Case Program, The Legal Intelligencer (Oct. 14, 1999)

American Bar Association, Ad Hoc Comm. on Bus. Courts, The Status of Business Courts in the United States (Nov. 4, 1999)

Business Court Drafting Rules, North Carolina Lawyers Weekly (Dec. 13, 1999)

Maria Dakolias, Court Performance Around the World: A Comparative Perspective, 2 Yale Hum. Rts. & Dev. L.J. 87 (1999)


Robert L. Haig, How Business Courts Can Help Each Other, Metropolitan Corporate Counsel (Mid-Atlantic Edition, Jan. 2000)

Todd Bishop, New York’s model helped Philadelphia establish own, Philadelphia Business Journal (Dec. 31, 1999-Jan. 6, 2000)

Sean Waley, Nevada’s chief justice touts proposal to create business court system, Las Vegas Review Journal (Jan. 8, 2000)

Creation of Nevada business court endorsed, Las Vegas Sun (Jan. 11, 2000)

Rachel Berresford, Philadelphia Court of Common Pleas Creates Commerce Case Program, Lawyers Journal (Allegheny County Bar Assoc. Jan. 14, 2000)

Timothy B. Wheeler, Maryland to Consider Tech Courts; Growth of Electronic Commerce Creates Need, Baltimore Sun 1D (Jan. 30, 2000)

Lori Litchman, So Far, So Good at Commerce Court, The Legal Intelligencer (Feb. 14, 2000)

Commentary, Commerce Court Recognizes Needs of Commercial Litigants, The Legal Intelligencer (Mar. 13, 2000)

Maggie Mulvihill, Business Court Idea Draws Flak, Boston Herald (May 2, 2000)

Todd Bishop, Business Court Looking for a Bit More Business, Philadelphia Business Journal (May 19, 2000)

Chris Mahoney, The jury is still out on creating a business court, Boston Business Journal (May 22, 2000)

Eric G. Orlinsky and Henry Hopkins, A Maryland Business Court; Partnering for a Maryland Business Court, Interview, The Metropolitan Corporate Counsel (Northeast Edition June 2000)

John Flynn Rooney, Popularity of commercial calendar necessitates new judge, Chicago Daily Law Bulletin (July 12, 2000)

Paula Hannaford, David Rottman & Roxana Gonzales, Focus on Business and Complex Litigation Courts, 1 Civil Action: A Briefing on Civil Justice Reform Initiatives 1 (August 2000)

Mitchell L. Bach, Philadelphia Courts Launch New System For Efficient Case Management, Insight (Altman Weill Aug. 2000)

Jill E. Fisch, The Peculiar Role of the Delaware Courts in the Competition for Corporate Charters, 68 U. Cin. L. Rev. 1061 (Summer 2000)

Technology Cases Raise Issues of Competence, N.Y. Times (Sept. 10, 2000)

Michael Brick, Courts Having Trouble Doing Tech Justice, (Sept. 10, 2000)

Michael Brick, When the Judge Really Can’t Judge, N.Y. Times (Sept. 11, 2000)

William C. Smith, Md. panel urges biz court, Nat’l Law Journal (Sept. 27, 2000)

David Williams, Technology boom prompts calls for specialized court, (Oct. 2, 2000)

Task Force on Tech Court Fine-Tunes, The Daily Record (Oct. 13, 2000)

Sacha Pfeiffer, To End Delay, Court Devotes All its Time to Business Cases, Boston Globe (Oct. 19, 2000)

Ruth Bryna Cohen, Record Verdicts, Innovation Mark the Year in C.P. Court, The Legal Intelligencer (Dec. 27, 2000)


Sharon M. Porcellio, Innovation, Successes for Litigation, N.Y. L.J. (Jan. 22, 2001)

David Richert, New York Commercial Division Celebrates Fifth Anniversary, 84 Judicature 217 (Jan./Feb. 2001)

Hon. E. Norman Veasey, An Efficient Court System: A Factor To Consider In Selecting A Business Location, Interview, The Metropolitan Corporate Counsel (Northeast Edition Mar. 2001)

Hon. Henry duPont Ridgely, The Superior Court- Offering An Ideal Forum For Resolution of Business Disputes, Interview, The Metropolitan Corporate Counsel (Northeast Edition Mar. 2001)

North Carolina Business Court – A Look Back and A Look Ahead, North Carolina Lawyers Weekly (Mar. 5, 2001)

Lord Robin Byron, An Update on Dispute Resolution in England and Wales: Evolution or Revolution?, 75 Tul. L. Rev. 1297 (June 2001)

Paul Nowell, Special business court offers hi-tech help for merger litigations, Associated Press & Local Wire (June 13, 2001)

Hon. Stephen G. Crane, Electronic Filing in the Commercial Division – How It Can Help the Practitioner and the Client, NY Litigator (Vol. 7. No. 1  Summer 2001)

Hon. Edward Cazalet, Specialized Courts: Are they a “Quick Fix” or a Long Term Improvement in the Quality of Judges, World Bank Conference (July 8-12, 2001)

Hon. Joseph G. Makowski, Mediation Training for Commercial Division Completed, 41 Bar Ass’n of Erie County Bull. 14 ( July–Aug. 2001)

Mark Hornbeck, Michigan pushes for cybercourt; States seeks to set up electronic court to settle business cases, The Detroit News (July 9, 2001)

Giving Judges the Business, Business News New Jersey (July 17, 2001)

Chris Serres, A clear winner; the court, The News and Observer (July 24, 2001)

Peter Murrell, Demand and Supply in Romanian Commercial Courts: Generating Information for Institutional Reform, paper, U. of Maryland Dept. of Economics (Aug. 18, 2001)

Creating a Court for the Future, The Daily Record (Aug. 24, 2001)

Alvin Weiss, Legislation Isn’t Necessary to Create a Business Court, 166 New Jersey Law Journal No. 3 (Oct. 15, 2001)

Hon. Allan Van Gestel, Why a Business Litigation Session at Suffolk Superior Court, 45 Boston Bar J. 14 (November/December 2001)


Marcel Kahan & Ehud Kamar, The Myth of State Competition in Corporate Law,  55 Stan. L. Rev. 679 (2002)

Lucian Bebchuk, Alma Cohen, Allen Ferrell, Does the Evidence Favor State Competition in Corporate Law?, 90 Cal. L. Rev. 1775 (2002)

Carrie A. O’Brien, The North Carolina Business Court: North Carolina’s Special Superior Court for Complex Business Cases, 6 N.C. Banking Inst. 367 (2002)

LeRoy L. Kondo, Untangling the Tangled Web:  Federal Court Reform Through Specialization for Internet Law and Other High Technology Cases, 2002 UCLA J. L. Tech. 1 (2002)

Todd R. Weiss, Michigan aims to unveil business ‘cybercourt’ in October, Computerword (Jan. 11, 2002)

John Flynn Rooney, Law Division Chief Moves to Cut Disposition Rate, Chi. Daily L.  Bull. (Mar. 8, 2002)

Lijun K. Yang, First Union v. Suntrust Banks: The Fight For Wachovia And Its Impact On North Carolina Corporate Law, 6 N.C. Banking Inst. 335 (April 2002)

Tamara Loomis, Commercial Division: High-Profile Case Casts Spotlight on Well-Regarded Court,
N.Y. L.J. (June 20, 2002)

Amy Lane Lansing, Lack of funding keeps cyber-court offline, Crain’s Detroit Business (July 15, 2002)

Andrew Grainger, A bright spot in the Massachusetts court crisis, Boston Business Journal (July 29, 2002)

Sheri Qualters, Verdict: business court has made a strong case for itself, Boston Business Journal (Aug. 6, 2002)

Lucille M. Ponte, The Michigan Cyber Court: A Bold Experiment in the Development of the First Public Virtual Courthouse, 4 N.C. Journal Law & Tech. 51 (Fall 2002)

Thomas Muccifori, Don’t Drop the Ball a Third Time in Trying to Create a Business Court, New Jersey Law Journal (Nov. 4, 2002)

The Hon. Albert W. Sheppard: The Philadelphia Commerce Court – Dedicated to Finding the Best Solutions for Business Disputes, Interview, The Metropolitan Corporate Counsel (Dec. 2002)


James R. Munson, Business Courts and the Business Ethos Under the Directory and Napoleon (2003)

Randall T. Shepard,  Why The Courts Matter In Building A Strong Economy, 36 Ind. L. Rev. 913 (2003)

Jacob A. Sommer, Business Litigation and Cyberspace: Will Cyber Courts Prove an Effective Tool for Luring High-Tech Business into Forum States?, 56 Vand. L. Rev. 561 (2003)

Kimberlay Koscielniak and Brian Wassom, Practice Tips: Cyber Court, 82 MI Bar J. 48 (Jan. 2003)

Adam W. Lasker, Bar launching committee on commercial litigation, Chicago Daily Law Bulletin (Jan. 8, 2003)

Alisa Bralove, Booting up might be slow, but Biz-Tech court is here, The Daily Record (Jan. 14, 2003)

Wendy N. Davis, Taking Care of Business: Commercial Courts Draw Praise, But Some Fear They Also Draw The Best Judges, 89 ABA J. 35 (Feb. 2003)

Krista Zanin, Business Litigation Sessions Looks To Expand To Other Counties, Lawyers Journal (Mass. Bar Assoc. Feb. 2003)

Darrel W. Cole, Technology Court Could Place Delaware Courts at the Top, Delaware Law Weekly (Feb. 5, 2003)

Shari Qualters, Business Court to Expand to Other Counties, Boston Business Journal (Feb. 14, 2003)

Richard L. Gemma, Rhode Island Superior Court Receiverships–  Opportunities & Recent Developments, 51 RI Bar Jnl. 25 (March/April 2003)

Bill Brubaker, Lawyers Keep Eye on New Business Technology Court; Some Say Program Favors Big Companies Over the ‘Little Guys’, Washington Post (April 3, 2003)

Erika Engle, New Hawaii business court gets gaveled into possibility, Star Bulletin (April 11, 2003)

Hon. Suzanne V. DelVecchio, The Hon. Suzanne V. DelVecchio: Making A Business Court A Reality, Interview, Metropolitan Corporate Counsel (Northeast Edition May 2003)

Focus On New England—Business Litigation Session; A Very Innovative Way To Handle Complex
Commercial Cases, Metropolitan Corporate Counsel (N.E. ed. May 2003)

Daily Record Editorial Advisory Board, Opinion: Creating a Court for the Future, The Daily Record (May 16, 2003)

Sean O’Sullivan, Chancery Court Expands – New rules designed to attract more business to state, The News Journal (May 30, 2003)

Michigan’s Cyber-Court Gets Funded By House: Republican Vows To Fight Funding, Michigan Technology News (June 6, 2003)

Charles S. Fax, Specialized Court for Tech Cases Starts to Operate in Maryland, Nat’l Law Journal (July 31, 2003)

Hon. William B. Chandler, III, Delaware Chancery Court: Resolution of Technology Disputes And Meeting Mediation Needs, Interview, The Metropolitan Corporate Counsel (Northeast Edition Aug. 2003)

Danielle N. Rodier, Attorneys Impressed With Commerce Court, The Legal Intelligencer (Aug. 5, 2003)

Kevin Schlosser, Commercial Division Judges Help Shape Procedure and Law, New York Law Journal (Sept. 23, 2003)

Marie Price, Lawmaker touts business-only court, (Sept. 19, 2003)

‘Tech court’ gets high marks as rulings start to trickle in, The Daily Record (Sept. 22, 2003)

Hon. Ben F. Tennille, The Use of Mediation in the North Carolina Business Court, 18 Dispute Resolution 1 (N.C. Bar Association Oct. 2003)

Chad Kile, Lawmaker Proposes Specialized Business Court, Daily Oklahoman (Oct. 4, 2003)

Rachel Tobin Ramos, Business court may start here as pilot project, Atlanta Business Chronicle (Oct. 8, 2003)

John G. Edwards, New business judge sees need for speedy resolutions, Las Vegas Review Journal (Oct. 16, 2003)

Hon. Leo E. Strine, Jr., “Mediation Only” Filings In The Delaware Court of Chancery: Can New Value Be Added By One Of America’s Business Courts?, U. Penn Law School Institute for Law and Economics, Research Paper No. 03-17 (Feb. 26, 2003), 53 Duke L.J. 585 (Nov. 2003)

Jill Krueger, Roche Takes Reins of First Business Court, Orlando Business Journal (Nov. 3, 2003)

Matthew Eisley, Business court role may grow, (Nov. 13, 2003)

Beth I. Z. Boland, Bay State courts reform their business image, Boston Business Journal (Nov. 24, 2003)

Hon. Steven I. Platt, Today’s Business/Technology Case Management Program, Maryland Bar Journal (Nov./Dec. 2003)


ABA Section of Business Law’s Business and Corporate Litigation Committee, Business Courts (chapter), in Recent Developments in Business and Corporate Litigation (2004)

Mitchell L. Bach & Lee Applebaum, A History of the Creation and Jurisdiction of Business Courts in the Last Decade, 60 Bus. Law. 147 (2004)

Patrick T. Clendenen and Hillary F. Meltz, The Business Litigation Session 2003 Year In Review: Holding Sophisticated Parties To The Terms Of Their Agreements, 6 Section Review No. 3 (Mass. Bar Institute 2004)

Hon. Ben F. Tennille, Business and Commercial Courts Judges Committee, CN. ACTION (Nat’l Ctr. for State Courts, Williamsburg, Va.), Winter 2004

Jill Hertz Blaustein, Delaware Expands Court of Chancery’s Jurisdiction; Courts Will Handle Technology Disputes and Mediations of Business Disputes, 29 Litigation News No. 2 (Jan. 2004)

Albert H. Manwaring, IV, John Wallen and Kristen Foley, Review and Update on the Court of Chancery’s New Jurisdiction, The Journal of the Delaware State Bar Association No. 7 (Feb. 2004)

Mike Schneider, State’s First Business Court Opening Today, Could Expand, Miami Herald (Feb. 5, 2004)

Josy W. Ingersoll and Matthew P. Denn, Delaware Debuts Technology Court, Mediation State Remains on Cutting Edge in Handling Business Disputes, Delaware Law Weekly (Feb. 25, 2004)

Michael Dayton, Tennille Reflects On Role Of State Business Court, North Carolina Lawyers Weekly (Mar. 22, 2004)

Michael Dayton, Trend: Specialty Courts on the Rise, North Carolina Lawyers Weekly (Mar. 22, 2004)

Michael Bobelian, Commercial Part Experiments With Category, Caseload, N.Y. L.J. (Apr. 6, 2004)

Clifton Barnes, Big Headache – Business law remains a complex subject, but recent changes reduce some of the pain, North Carolina Citizens for Business and Industry (April 17, 2004)

Mike Dayton, Specialty Commercial Courts On The Rise In Region, Atlantic Coast In-House (May 21, 2004)

Judge Sees Bright Future For Business Courts, Atlantic Coast In-House (May 21, 2004) (interview with Judge Tennille)

John Covaleski, Lawyers Rally Behind Plans for Expansion of Business Courts, New Jersey Law Journal (May 31, 2004)

George A. Reilly, Speedier Courts Will Soon Be in Session – Complex commercial cases are headed for bueinss-savvy judges, njbiz (June 14, 2004)

Thomas A. Muccifori, Odd Man Out – New Jersey is surrounded by states that have seen the benefits of business courts, 177 New Jersey Law Journal 379 (Aug. 2, 2004)

National Center for State Courts, Civil Programs in the Philadelphia Court of Common Pleas – Final Report (Sept. 2004) (pages 51-54 discuss the Commerce Court)

Steven H. Pollak, Fulton Moves Forward With Plans for New Business Court, Daily Report (Oct. 8, 2004)

Rachel Tobin Ramos, Business Court May Start Here as Pilot Project, Atlanta Bus. Chron. (Oct. 11, 2004)

Tim Dibble & Geoff Gallas, Best Practices in U.S. Business Courts, Court Manager (Vol. 19, Issue 2, 2004)

Paula L. Hannaford-Agor, Complex Litigation: Key Findings from the California Pilot Program, 3 Civil Action No. 1 (NCSC, Winter 2004)

David Louis Finnegan, Judicial Reform and Commercial Justice: The Experience of Tanzania’s Commercial Court,  Open Knowledge Repository – World Bank (2004)


ABA Section of Business Law’s Business and Corporate Litigation Committee, Business Courts (chapter), in Recent Developments in Business and Corporate Litigation (2005)

Ertel Berry, Future Of The Business Court – More Judges Needed To Keep Pace with Increased Caseload, North Carolina Lawyers Weekly (Jan. 17, 2005)

Ertel Berry, Lawyers Debate Keeping Consumer Actions On Docket, North Carolina Lawyers Weekly (Jan. 17, 2005)

John Covaleski, Fight Brews Over Measure To Create Superior Court Business-Tech Part; Judiciary opposes bill, citing no justification for diversion of resources, N.J.L.J. (Mar. 14, 2005)

Lisa Brenna, He’s All Business; New, nonlitigator State Bar president Stuart Hoberman plans push for N.J. commercial court, N.J.L.J. (May 16, 2005)

Michael Booth, Business Court Passes Assembly; Heads for Senate despite judicial opposition to bench specialization, N.J.L.J. (July 4, 2005)

Dispute Resolution; The Need For A Commercial And Technology Part In New Jersey, Interview with Stuart A. Hoberman, Metropolitan Corporate Counsel (N.E. ed. Aug. 2005)

Stuart A. Hoberman, Business Court Would Not Upset Trial by Jury, N.J.L.J. (Aug. 15, 2005)

Martin L. Haines, Business Court is a Misguided Concept, N.J.L.J. (Sept. 5, 2005)

Chief Justice Expands Business Court, North Carolina Lawyers Weekly (Sept. 12, 2005)

Sarah B. Herlihy, Expanded Venue in the Business Litigation Session – Getting Your Case Into the Business Session, Boston Bar Journal (Sept./Oct. 2005)

New Jersey Law Journal Editorial, Simply Unconstitutional, N.J.L.J. (Oct. 3, 2005)

New Jersey Law Journal Editorial, ‘Enhanced Fairness’ and the Legislature, N.J.L.J. (Oct. 10, 2005)

Stuart A. Hoberman, Law Journal Editorial Fails To Appreciate Business Court’s Merits, N.J.L.J. (Oct. 24, 2005)

Diane L. Akers, A Business Court in Michigan, 25 Mich. Bus. L.J. 9 (Fall 2005)

Judge Helps Design High-Tech Business Courtroom, North Carolina Lawyers Weekly (Nov. 7, 2005)


ABA Section of Business Law’s Business and Corporate Litigation Committee, Business Courts (chapter), in Recent Developments in Business and Corporate Litigation (2006)

Ari Davis, Moving From Mandatory: Making ADR Voluntary in New York Commercial Cases, 8 Cardozo J. Conflict Resol. 283 (2006)

Andy Peters, Voluntary nature of Georgia program limits effectiveness, Nat’l Law Journal (Jan. 3, 2006)

Kristen Tagami, Open for business – New fast-track Fulton court tries to fill a niche, Atlanta Journal-Constitution (Jan. 12, 2006)

Stephen P. Younger, Commercial Division Marks a Milestone, New York Law Journal (Jan. 23, 2006)

Hon. Jack B. Jacobs, The Role of Specialized Courts in Resolving Corporate Governance Disputes in the United States and in the EU: An American Judge’s Perspective, paper presented at the OECD Exploratory Meeting on Resolution of Corporate Governance Related Disputes  (Stockholm, March 20, 2006)

John Richardson and Mike Dunn, Maine’s new consumer and commercial division, Bangor Daily News (May 8, 2006)

Gary W. Jackson, Do Business Courts Really Mean Business?, Trial (June 2006)

Maine business court moving forward, Bangor Daily News (July 21, 2006)

Lee Applebaum, Letter to Editor in response to Gary W. Jackson,The Business of Business Courts, Trial (Sept. 2006)

Marteen J. Kroeze, The Ducth Companies and Business Court as a Specialized Court (August 1, 2006)

Claude Solnik, In N.Y. State Supreme Court, It’s All Business, Long Island Bus. News (Sept. 22, 2006)

Charles Toutant, Out of Business – State Bar’s crusade for a special commercial court comes to naught, 186 New Jersey Law Journal No. 4 (Oct. 23, 2006)

Ertel Berry, Electronic-Discovery Okayed in Business Court Case, North Carolina Lawyers Weekly (Nov. 20, 2006)

Forrest Norman, Strictly business – Miami-Dade hopes court devoted solely to complex business disputes will improve efficiency, expertise, Miami Daily Business Review (Dec. 6, 2006)

Judyth Pendell, Maryland’s Ground-Breaking Technology Court, 5 CASE IN POINT, no. 2 (2006)


ABA Section of Business Law’s Business and Corporate Litigation Committee, Business Courts (chapter), in Recent Developments in Business and Corporate Litigation (2007)

Ann Tucker Nees, Making a Case for Business Courts: A Survey of and Proposed Framework to Evaluate Business Courts, 24 Ga. St. U. L. Rev. 477 (2007)

Alvin Stauber, Commercial Courts: A 21st Century Necessity?, 1 Judicial Studies Inst. J. 154 (2007)

Mark D. Killian, 11th Circuit [Fla.] creates complex business litigation section, Florida Bar News (Jan. 1, 2007)

Michelle Cater Rash, Business court sees full docket as demand soars, The Business Journal (Triad) (March 23, 2007)

Barbara Rabinowitz, As BLS forges ahead, lingering concerns persist, Massachusetts Lawyers Weekly (April 9, 2007)

James B. Murphy, Jr., Complex Business Litigation Division Is Now In Business, Hillsborough County Bar Association (HCBA) Lawyer (April 2007)

Jim O’Hara, City gets business court division – Syracuse is last major city in state to have court devoted to commercial interests, The Post-Standard (May 10, 2007)

Tom Barry, Court’s Business Division Gives Cases Needed TLC, Atlanta Bus. Chron. (May
21, 2007)

Lee Applebaum, Complex Litigation Courts and Business Courts: Some Brief Observations on Connections and Similarities, paper prepared for the program Business and Corporate Litigation Committee Forum: An Introduction to Business Courts and Complex Litigation Courts – What Works Best and Why, Annual Meeting of ABA Section of Business Law (San Francisco, August 13, 2007)

George Burns, Maine’s New Business And Consumer Court: The Start Of Something Big?, 22 Maine Bar. J. 152 (Summer 2007)

William O. Pitts, Business court in Oklahoma still good idea, The Oklahoma City Journal Record (July 9, 2007)

Schuyler Kropf, [South Carolina] Business court to get trial run, The Post and Courier (Oct. 1, 2007)

Hon. Donald F. Parsons, Jr., New Options for Mediating or Litigating Complex Disputes in The Delaware Court of Chancery, paper presented at the Third Meeting of the American College of Business Court Judges (Oct. 24-26, 2007)

Sandra Cofie, Ghana: Establishment of the Commercial Court, SmartLessons (International Finance Corp. – World Bank  Dec. 2007)


ABA Section of Business Law’s Business and Corporate Litigation Committee, Business Courts (chapter), in Recent Developments in Business and Corporate Litigation (2008)

Jordana Mishory, Specialized Docket – Complex litigation unit created in Broward will have three judges handling complex business cases, Daily Business Review (Jan. 8, 2008)

Arnold M. Knightly, How Nevada plans to copy Delaware’s business courts, and profit from it, Las Vegas Business Press (Jan. 22, 2008)

Arnold M. Knightly, Gavel drops on business – Influx of companies brings separate court to Clark County, Las Vegas Review-Journal (Jan. 27, 2008)

Barbara Rabinowitz, Business growth in Worcester cited in call to expand BLS, Massachusetts Lawyers Weekly (Feb. 12, 2008)

Dramatic rise in Commercial Court cases, RTÉ (Mar. 11, 2008) (Republic of Ireland)

Lee Applebaum, The “New” Business Courts, Bus. L. Today (March/April 2008)

Vice Chancellor Donald F. Parsons & the Hon. Joseph F. Slights, III, The History of Delaware’s Business Courts: Their Rise to Preeminence, Bus. L. Today (March/April 2008)

Ralph Peeples & Hanne Nyheim, Beyond the Border: An International Perspective on Business Courts, Bus. L. Today (March/April 2008)

Hon. Albert Diaz and A. Jordan Sykes, The New North Carolina Business Court, N.C. State Bar Journal (Spring 2008)

Pamela J. Roberts, Carmen Harper Thomas & Cory E. Manning, South Carolina’s Business Court Pilot Program, South Carolina Lawyer (May 2008)

Jessica Legge, Courts of Chancery, Times West Virginian (May 10, 2008)

Chris Fleisher, One court to handle business cases, Concord Monitor (June 9, 2008)

Court’s written opinions clarify legal issues: Diaz, Charlotte Business Journal (June 13, 2008)

E-discovery rules may be tested in business courts, Florida Bar News (June 15, 2008)

Kevin Kemper, Ohio Supreme Court test to set aside ‘commercial dockets’ for biz disputes, Business First of Columbus (July 4, 2008)

Jon Newberry, Hamilton County judges to test special docket, Business Courier (July 4, 2008)

Irwin B. Schwartz and Michael G. Andrews, Massachusetts venue and the Business Litigation Session, Massachusetts Lawyers Weekly (July 6, 2008)

David Ziemer, New civil court local rules proposed in Milwaukee County, Wisconsin Law Journal (July 7, 2008)

Timothy J. Schutz, The Case For Active Case Management, Colorado Lawyer (Aug. 2008)

Ruth Nigut, Will Iowa Need a “Business” Court to Compete?, Business Record – Iowa Biz (Aug. 10, 2008)

Hon. John P. Bessey, New court will focus on complex business cases, The Columbus Dispatch (Sept. 3, 2008)

Business Courts May Be Helpful, The Intelligence / Wheeling News-Register (Sept. 9, 2008)

Arielle Kass, Judges OK commercial docket plan, Crain’s Cleveland Business (Sept. 10, 2008)

Randy Roguski, New business court aims to streamline disputes, (Sept. 11, 2008)

Jane Meinhardt, Volume of ‘complex’ business litigation strains court division, Tampa Bay Business Journal (Sept. 15, 2008)

Hon. Judith Fabricant, Ralph D. Gants & Stephen E. Neel, Continuity and Change in the Business Litigation Session, Boston Bar Journal (Sept./Oct. 2008)

Paul A. Quiros, Lynn S. Scott, William B. Shearer, III and William S. Smoak, Jr. Business Associations, 60 Mercer L. Rev. 35 (Fall 2008)

Tricia L. Hayes, Here Comes the Biz Judge, Business New Hampshire Magazine (Oct. 2008)

Danielle Quinn, Dutch Treat: Netherlands Judiciary Only Goes Halfway Towards Adopting Delaware Trilogy in Takeover Context, 41 Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law 1211 (Oct. 2008)

Justin D.Anderson, Lawmaker wants to create court just for business issues, Charleston Daily Mail (Nov. 8, 2008)

Kathryn Skelton, Budges cuts could cripple Maine’s business court, MaineBiz (Dec. 1, 2008)


ABA Section of Business Law’s Business and Corporate Litigation Committee, Business Courts (chapter), in Recent Developments in Business and Corporate Litigation (2009)

Gralf-Peter Calliess and Hermann Hoffmann, Judicial Services For Global Commerce —  Made In Germany?, 10  German Law Journal 115 (Feb. 1, 2009)

John Brody, New business-specific court expected to fast track commercial cases, Columbus Business First (Feb. 2, 2009)

Theodore Eisenberg and Geoffrey P. Miller, The Flight To New York: An Empirical Study Of Choice Of Law And Choice Of Forum Clauses In Publicly-Held Companies’ Contracts, 30 Cardozo L.R. 1475 (March 2009)

Noel K. Gallagher, Order in the Court for Business Disputes, Maine Sunday Telegram (Mar. 8, 2009)

Geoffrey Kiryabwire, The Development of the Commercial Judicial System in Uganda: A Study of the Commercial Court Division, High Court of Uganda, 2 Pepp. J. Bus. Entreprenuership & the Law 349 (April 2009)

Lee Applebaum, The Commerce Court’s First Decade, The Philadelphia Lawyer (Spring 2009)

John P. Brody, Commercial Docket Specialized Court for Franklin County, Columbus Bar Lawyers Quarterly (Spring 2009)

Mark H. Alcott, “A Commercial Court for New York,” Revised, NYSBA NYLitigator (Spring 2009)

Lee Applebaum, Some Observations on Modern Business Courts and The Bar’s Role in Their Development, paper prepared for the ABA Section of Business Law’s Business Bar Leaders Conference, sponsored by its Committee on State and Local Bar Relations (Chicago, May 12-13, 2009)

Lee Applebaum & Cory Manning, Specialized Business and Commercial Courts Around the Globe: A Summary World View, paper prepared for the program Business Courts Around the World, Spring Meeting of ABA Section of Business Law (Vancouver, April 17, 2009)

Hon. Christine A. Ward, Commerce Court: A Small Part of the Chief’s Legacy, 47 Duq. L. Rev. 573 (Summer 2009)

Mark B. Zimmer, Overview of Specialized Courts, International Journal for Court Administration (Aug. 2009)

Association of Corporate Counsel, Business Courts (Oct. 18, 2009)

Cuyahoga’s Commercial Docket a Winner so Far, Crain’s Cleveland Business (Nov. 30, 2009)

Christopher R. Drahozal, Business Courts and the Future of Arbitration, 10 Cardozo J. of Conflict Resol. 491 (2009)

Hon. Randy J. Holland, Delaware’s Business Courts: Litigation Leadership, 34 J. Corp. L. 771 (2009)

William B. Chandler, III, The Delaware Court of Chancery and Public Trust, 6 St. Thomas L. Rev. 421, 426 (2009)


ABA Section of Business Law’s Business and Corporate Litigation Committee, Business Courts (chapter), in Recent Developments in Business and Corporate Litigation (2010)

Hon. Ben F. Tennille, Lee Applebaum, & Anne Tucker Nees, Getting to Yes in Specialized Courts: The Unique Role of ADR in Business Court Cases, 11 Pepp. Disp. Resol. L. J. 35 (2010)

Hon. Ben F. Tennille & Corrine B. Jones, Developments at the North Carolina Business Court, in Future Trends in State Courts (National Center for State Courts, 2010)

Andrew A. Powell, It’s Nothing Personal, It’s Just Business: A Commentary on the South Carolina Business Court Pilot Program, 61 S.C. L. Rev. 823 (2010)

Pamela J. Roberts, Carmen Harper Thomas & Cory E. Manning, Getting Down to Business:  The Successes of the S.C. Business Court Pilot Program, South Carolina Lawyer (Jan. 2010)

Hon. J. Scott Vowell, Creation of Commercial Litigation Docket in Birmingham Division, Tenth Judicial Circuit, 71 Alabama Lawyer 56 (Jan. 2010)

Erin Stock, Some Jefferson County judges to be assigned to business disputes, The Birmingham News (Mar. 1, 2010)

Bryan C. Haynes, Taking Care of Business: The Case for Commercial Courts, Canadian Lawyer Magazine (April 2010)

Daniel Albert & Fahri Azzat, MLC 2010: Latest Developments in Civil and Commercial Courts, Malaysian Bar (July 30, 2010)

Hon. Gene Zmuda, Commercial docket to aid business development, Toledo Business Journal (Sept. 1, 2010)

Kevin Kemper, Trial Run – Ohio is nearly halfway into a pilot program aimed at boosting expertise and efficiency in commercial cases. So far, most judges and attorneys give it a thumbs up., Columbus C.E.O. (Oct. 2010)

Supreme Court of Appeals State of West Virginia News, Business Court Committee agrees on mission,
schedules public
(Oct. 28, 2010)

Supreme Court of Appeals State of West Virginia News, Business Court Committee holds public information forum (Nov. 12, 2010) (Judge Tennille keynote speaker)

Kali Wyrosdic, Commerce Court, 10 Years Later, Philadelphia Business Journal (Dec. 22, 2010)


ABA Section of Business Law’s Business and Corporate Litigation Committee, Business Courts (chapter), in Recent Developments in Business and Corporate Litigation (2011)

Lee Applebaum, The Steady Growth of Business Courts, in Future Trends in State Courts (National Center for State Courts 2011)

Lawrence Baum, Specializing the Courts 192-194 (U. Chicago Press 2011)

Diana Smith, NC Business Court enters new era as its founding judge retires, North Carolina Lawyers Weekly (Mar. 11, 2011)

Richard Craver, Judge Tennille set the bar for state business courts, Winston-Salem Journal (March 13, 2011)

Amy Sweet, Re-examining the case for a commercial docket, Colorado Springs Business Journal (April 8, 2011)

Jessica M. Karmasek, Supreme court directs business court committee to proceed, West Virginia Record (July 18, 2011)


ABA Section of Business Law’s Business and Corporate Litigation Committee, Business Courts (chapter), in Recent Developments in Business and Corporate Litigation (2012)

Hon. Jed Rakoff, Lecture: Are Federal Judges Competent? Dilettantes in an Age of Economic Expertise, 17 Fordham J. Corp. & Fin. L. 4 (2012)

John Coyle, Business Courts and Inter-State Competition, 53 Wm. & Mary L. Rev. 1915 (2012)

Mark Russo, Creative Receivership and Redevelopment: A Commentary, Rhode Island Bar Journal (Jan./Feb. 2012)

Bermuda’s Commercial Court: The first five years, The Royal Gazette (Mar. 2, 2012)

Commercial Law Development Program, Office of General Counsel U.S. Department of Commerce, Iraq: Judicial Consultations on Commercial Courts (April 22-26, 2012) (including U.S. business court judges Ben F. Tennille and Steven I. Platt)

Jessica Borders, Experts: State’s Business Court Division will be positive for judicial system , Times West Virginian (Sept. 30, 2012)

Cynthia Wright, Business Court Helps Local Companies, Atlanta Bus. Chron. (Oct. 5, 2012)

Kathy Mack, Sharyn Roach Anleu, and Anne Wallace, Caseload Allocation and Special Judicial Skills: Finding the ‘Right Judge’?, International Journal for Court Administration (Dec. 2012)

ADR in the North Carolina Business Court, Chapter 16, in Alternative Dispute Resolution in North Carolina A New Civil Procedure, pages 233-236, Elizabeth P. Manley, ed. (2d ed. 2012)


ABA Section of Business Law’s Business and Corporate Litigation Committee, Business Courts (chapter), in Recent Developments in Business and Corporate Litigation (2013)

Douglas L. Toering, The New Michigan Business Court Legislation: Twelve Years in the Making, Bus. L. Today (January 2013)

Hon. Christopher C. Wilkes, West Virginia’s New Business Court Division: An Overview of the Development and Operation of Trial Court Rule 29, W. Va. Lawyer (January-March, 2013)

Vanessa R. Tiradentes, TRAINING FOR TOMORROW Business Law Section Diversity Clerkship Program: Exposing Minority Students to Careers in Business Law, Business Law Today (Oct. 2013)

Hon.  Steven I. Platt, B&T program needs to get down to business, The Daily Record (Dec. 26, 2013)

Dr. Heike Gramckow and Barry Walsh, Developing Specialized Court Services: International Experiences and Lessons Learned, World Bank’s justice and development working paper series (2013)

Hon. Donald F. Parson, Jr. & Jason S. Tyler, Docket Dividends: Growth in Shareholder Litigation Leads to Refinements in Chancery Procedures, 70 Wash. & Lee L. Rev. 473 (2013)

Matthew R. Koch, Shhh . . . Secret Arbitration in Process: The Unconstitutionality of Delaware’s Chancery Arbitrations, 118 Penn. St. L. Rev. 437 (2013)


ABA Section of Business Law’s Business and Corporate Litigation Committee, Business Courts (chapter), in Recent Developments in Business and Corporate Litigation (2014)

Hon. Timothy Driscoll, Keeping Current: The New York State Supreme Court Commercial Division: Past, Present, and Future, Bus. L. Today (October 2014)

Megan K. Johnson, Fulton County Business Court: A Specialized Solution for the Modern Business Community, 30 Ga. St. U. L. Rev. 1027 (2014)

Andrew Jones, Toward a Stronger Economic Future for North Carolina: Precedent and Opinions of the North Carolina Business Court, 6 Elon L. Rev. 189 (2014)

Miami Now Go-To Destination For International Arbitration: Part 1 Of 2, (Feb. 7, 2014)

Miami Now Go-To Destination For International Arbitration: Part 2 Of 2, (Mar. 27, 2014)

Hon. Christopher C. Wilkes, Emerging Fronts In Alternative Dispute Resolution Judicial Mediation In West Virginia’s Business Court, West Virginia Lawyer (April-June 2014)

Richard L. Renck & Carmen H. Thomas, Recent Developments in Business Commercial Courts in the United States and Abroad, Bus. L. Today (May 2014)

Erin O’Hara O’Connor and Peter B. Rutledge, Arbitration, the Law Market and the Law of Lawyering, 38 Int’l Rev. L. & Econ. 87 (June 2014)

Douglas L. Toering, Michigan’s Business Court And Commercial Litigation: Past, Present, and Future, Michigan Bar Journal (Aug. 2014)

Michael Booth, NJ Judiciary’s Business Courts Program Going Statewide, New Jersey Law Journal (Nov. 14, 2014)

Katheryn Yetter & Douglas L. Toering, Business Courts: Michigan Responds to 21st Century Commerce, National Judicial College, Judicial Edge (Nov. 20, 2014)

Marc Karlinsky, Arbitration set to launch in Law Division, Chicago Daily Law Bulletin (Dec. 24, 2014)


ABA Section of Business Law’s Business and Corporate Litigation Committee, Business Courts (chapter), in Recent Developments in Business and Corporate Litigation (2015)

Gregory Day, Revisiting the North Carolina Business Court After Twenty Years, 37 Campbell L. Rev. 277 (2015)

Hon. Sean D. Wallace, Business Courts go Global, International Judicial Monitor (Winter 2015)

Hon. Mitchell H. Kaplan, The Business Litigation Session Turns 15, 59 Boston Bar Journal (Jan. 7, 2015)

Matthew D. Cain and Steven Davidoff Solomon, A Great Game: The Dynamics Of State Competition And Litigation,  100 Iowa L. Rev. 465 (Jan. 2015)

Carmen Harper Thomas, Re-Open For Business – South Carolina’s Business Court Expands Statewide, South Carolina Lawyer (Jan. 2015)

Hon. John C. Foster & Richard L. Hurford, ADR within ADR: Business Courts as Laboratories for Litigation Process Improvement, Michigan Bar J. 20 (January 2015)

Dave Stafford, Rush Proposes Business Court, Makes Pitch for e-Filing Funding, The Indiana Lawyer (Jan. 14, 2015),

Jeff Bell, Hope alive for business docket’s return with four new judges elected, Columbus Business First (Jan. 23, 2015)

Cuyahoga County court should reconsider ending its commercial docket: editorial, (Jan. 30, 2015)

Jeremy Nobile, Litigators are uniting to dispute court’s elimination of commercial docket, Crain’s Cleveland Business (Feb. 1, 2015)

Take another look at commercial court, The Columbus Dispatch (Feb. 15, 2015)

Restore commercial docket for county, Columbus Dispatch (Feb. 19, 2015)

Bill Raferty, Adding to Texas’ unique court structure and organization: brand new Chancery trial and
appellate court system introduced; Governor would select judges, Gavel to Gavel (Feb. 20, 2015)

Paul DeBendetto, Texas Chancery Courts Bill Would Help Businesses, Pol Says, Law360 (Feb. 24,

David Yates, Texas House bill aims to create chancery court for business litigation, SETexas
Record (Feb. 26, 2015)

Mary Pat Gallagher, New Complex Business Litigation Program a Work in Progress, N.J.L.J. (Mar. 10, 2015)

Scott Harrison, New business court created in Nashville by Tennessee Supreme Court, Nashville Business Journal (Mar. 16, 2015)

Commercial docket had plenty of drawbacks, The Columbus Dispatch (Mar. 20, 2015)

Rebecca C. Smithwick, Chief Judge Lippman’s Vision Coming to Life — The [Next] Third Installment, NYSBA Commercial and Federal Litigation Section Newsletter (Spring 2015)

Ben Bedell, ‘User-Friendly’ Judge Pleased by New Post With ‘Crown Jewel’, New York Law Journal (April 13, 2015)

Rule Promotes State Court for International Arbitration, New York Law Journal (April 23, 2015)

Chief Justice Lee, Chancellor Lyle Launch New Court to Business & Legal Community, Tennessee State Courts – News (Apr. 23, 2015)

Allen & Overy, LLP, Planting The Seeds For An International Rule Of Law -The Commercial Court Of England And Wales And The SICC, (May 15, 2015)

Sergio D. Simões, Complex Business Litigation Program Offers Significant Benefits, New Jersey Law Journal (May 21, 2015)

Mark Meltzer, New Court Venue For Commercial Litigation, Arizona Attorney (June 2015)

Matthew R. Lyon, Courting Business in Tennessee, Dicta (Knoxville Bar Association Journal) (June 2015)

Michael Hwang, Commercial courts and international arbitration — competitors or partners?, 31 Arbitration International 181 (June 2015)

Peter Lauricella, Commercial Division of the New York State Supreme Court Implements Rules to Streamline Litigation, Improve Efficiency, Enhance Judicial Expertise and Limit Costs, (June 17, 2015)

Superior Court of Fulton County (Georgia) Press Release, Superior Court of Fulton County’s Business Court Division is Now Home to International Commercial Arbitration (June 17, 2015)

Lippman Calls Commercial Court ‘Victim of its Own Success’, New York Law Journal (June 19, 2015)

Hon. Timothy Driscoll, Keeping Current: The New York State Supreme Court Commercial Division: Past, Present, and Future (Part Two), Bus. L. Today (July 2015)

Matthew W. Lubozynski, How the Tennessee Business Court Affects the Business Community, The Daily News (Memphis July 15, 2015)

Commercial Court Proposes Allowing Summary Jury Trials, New York Law Journal (July 20, 2015)

Technology Finds its Place in Commercial Division Cases, New York Law Journal (Aug. 17, 2015)

Hon. Sharon Lee and Justin Seamon, Tennessee is Open for Business: What You Need to Know About Tennessee’s New Business Court, Tennessee Bar Journal (Sept. 2015)

Hon. Joseph R. Slights, III & Elizabeth A. Powers, Delaware Courts Continue to Excel in Business Litigation with the Success of the Complex Commercial Litigation Division of the Superior Court, 70 Bus. Law. 1059 (Fall 2015)

Prof. Omari Scott Simmons, Delaware’s Global Threat, 41 J. Corp. L. 217 (Fall 2015)

Claire Lemercier, How do businesspeople like their courts? Evidence from mid-19th century France, England, and New York City, Joint Michigan Legal History Workshop/Law & Economic Workshop (Sept. 9, 2015)

Hon. Peter Doyne, The Evolution of Complex Business Litigation, New Jersey State Bar Association Business Law Section Newsletter (Oct. 2015)

New Commercial Division Deposition Rule to Take Effect, New York Law Journal (Oct. 13, 2015)

New Rules Announced for Commercial Division, New York Law Journal (Oct. 21, 2015)

Jenni Bergal, ‘Business Courts’ Take on Complex Corporate Conflicts, Stateline (Pew, Oct. 28, 2015)

Douglas L. Toering, Michigan’s Business Courts: Experimenting with Efficiency and Enjoying the Results, Michigan Bar Journal (Nov. 2015)

Hon. E. Norman Veasey, The Conundrum of the Arbitration vs. Litigation Decision, Bus. L. Today (Dec. 2015)

Victoria Basham, London ‘must innovate’ to remain top venue for global disputes, say litigators,The Global Legal Post (Dec. 4, 2015)

Joshua Halen, Transforming Nevada into the Judicial Delaware of the West; How to Fix Nevada’s Business Courts, 16 J. Bus. & Sec. L. 139 (2015)

Melissa A. Rodriguez, “Start Spreading the News” … The Big Apple Gets a Taste of Mandatory Mediation, 7 Y.B. On Arb. & Mediation 176 (2015)


ABA Section of Business Law’s Business and Corporate Litigation Committee, Business Courts (chapter), in Recent Developments in Business and Corporate Litigation (2016)

Lee Applebaum & Mitchell L. Bach, Business Courts in the United States: 20 Years of Innovation, in The Improvement of the Administration of Justice (ABA, 8th Ed. 2016)

Tyler Moorehead, Business Courts: Their Advantages, Implementation Strategies, and Indiana’s Pursuit of its Own, 50 Ind. L. Rev. 397 (2016)

New Rules Proposed for Commercial Division, New York Law Journal (Jan. 14, 2016)

Lord Chief Justice’s Dubai visit highlights close bond between UK and DIFC judiciaries, (Feb. 22, 2016)

A year on, NJ business courts are on top of issues, Courier Post (Mar. 13, 2016)

David A. Cohen, Deposition of Corporate Witnesses in Commercial Division Cases, New York Law Journal (Mar. 16, 2016)

Joan MacLeod Hemingway, A Tennessee Court Is “In Business” For Us All, Dicta (Knoxville Bar Assoc. Mar. 2016)

Spencer C. Pittman, Business Courts: Specialized Courts for Complex Business Litigation, 87 Oklahoma Bar J. 805 (April 2016)

Hon, Chief Justice Marilyn Warren &  Hon. Justice Clyde Croft, An International Commercial Court for Australia -Looking beyond the New York Convention, remarks give at the Commercial CPD Seminar Series,
, Australia (April 13, 2016)

Indiana’s Commercial Court Pilot Project – March 2016 Update, Indiana Court Times (April 26, 2016)

Michelle Corbet, Tennessee Business Court sees successful first year, Memphis Business Journal (May 5, 2016)

Trial Rule Proposal Supports Use of Witness Affidavits, New York Law Journal (May 27, 2016)

Douglas L. Toering, It’s My First Business Court Case, Michigan Bar Journal (June 2016)

Parimal A. Dabhi, Three commercial courts start functioning in Gujarat, The Indian Express (June 2, 2016)

Hon. Dan Heath, Indiana Business Courts: Their history and why they will succeed, Daily Record (June 9, 2016)

OCA Issues new Rules to Speed Resolutions in Commercial Division, New York Law Journal (June 10, 2016)

Robert F. Serio & Gabriel Herrmann, The Other Delaware Business Courts? Litigating Derivative Suits in NY, Delaware Business Court Insider (June 14, 2016)

Editorial Advisory Board, Still room to grow Business and Technology Court, The Daily Record (July 20, 2016)

An Insider’s View on Case Volume, Efficiency and Commercial Division Reforms,Interview of Robert L. Haig, New York Law Journal (Dec. 20, 2016)

Jody Rhodes , A Roadmap To A Statewide Business Court Model In Georgia, 10 J. Marshall L. J. 1 (2016-2017)

Mark H. Alcott, The Formation of New York’s Commercial Division: A Personal Reminiscence, 11 Jud. Notice 50 (2016)


ABA Section of Business Law’s Business and Corporate Litigation Committee, Business Courts (chapter), in Recent Developments in Business and Corporate Litigation (2017)

Jens Dammann, Business Courts and Firm Performance, Univ. of Texas L. & Econ. Research Paper No. 564 (2017)

Jens Dammann, Business Courts May Improve Firm Performance, The CLS Blue Sky Blog (Jan. 30, 2017)

Gerald v. Mantese, Douglas L. Toering, & Fatima M. Mansour, Michigan Business Courts and Oppression: A Review of how Michigan Business Courts have Treated Oppression Issues Since Madugula v Taub, 96 Mich. Bar J. 18 (Jan. 2017)

Hon. Saliann Scarpula, Commercial Division Rules Facilitate the Efficient Resolution of Disputes, New York Law Journal (Jan. 19, 2017)

Omari Simmons, The Impact of Business Courts (Outside of Delaware), JOTWELL (February 22, 2017) (reviewing Jens Dammann, Business Courts and Firm Performance (U. Tex. Research Paper No. 564, 2017)

Edward J. Coyne, III, The North Carolina Business Court Evolves: Three Things You Need to Know to Be Up to Date, The National Law Review (Mar. 3, 2017)

Anamika Roy, Legal community seeks predictability in Md. business and technology courts, The Daily Record (Mar. 12, 2017)

Highly Successful Davidson County Business Cout Docket Pilot Project Enters Phas 2, Tennessee State Courts Press Release (Apr. 5, 2017)

Michael Cross, Commercial judges will need expert assessors, says LCJ, The Law Society Gazette (May 17, 2017)

Meredith Hobbs, Atlanta Arbitration Center Enlists International Pros To Raise Profile Overseas,Daily Report (June 29, 2017)

Hon. Timothy Driscoll, The Time Has Come (Accompanied by Affidavits): A Method for More Expeditious Trials in Commercial Cases, Bus. L. Today (July 2017)

Michael Cross, New Focus: Jurisdictions across Europe are seeking to usurp London’s pre-eminence in commercial law, The Law Society Gazette (July 10, 2017)

Douglas L. Toering, Touring the Business Courts, Mich. Bus. L. J. (Fall 2017)

Saudi Arabia sets up commercial courts to expedite investment, Reuters (Oct. 16, 2017)

New Commercial Division Rule Amendments Emphasize Use of ADR, New York Law Journal (Oct. 17, 2017)

Hon. Justice A. J. Meagher, Insurance and the Courts, Asia Pacific Insurance Conference Keynote Speech (Singapore Oct. 19, 2017)

Commercial Division Pilot Program Aimed at $50M-Plus Cases Set to Launch, New York Law Journal (Nov. 1, 2017)

High-Tech Courtroom Opens in Westchester County Supreme Court, New York Law Journal (Dec. 13, 2017)

Christopher Harris, Hon. Jonathan Lippman, Gregory Mortensen & Nicole Valco, Commercial Division Rules Poised for Additional Business Oriented Changes, New York Law Journal (Dec. 19, 2017)

Andrew Godwin, Ian Ramsay and Miranda Webster, International Commercial Courts: The Singapore Experience, 18 Melbourne J. Int’l L. 1 (2017)


ABA Section of Business Law’s Business and Corporate Litigation Committee, Business Courts (chapter), in Recent Developments in Business and Corporate Litigation (2018)

Hon. Michael J. Aprahamian, The Need For Speed: Commercial Courts Open For Business, 91 Wis. Law. 41 (Jan. 2018)

David B. Saxe & Danielle C. Lesser, Supersizing the Commercial Division: Is It a Good Idea?, New York Law Journal (Jan. 25, 2018)

Tom Moseley, Why English courts are opening in the EU, BBC News (Feb. 28, 2018)

Harmony Conti Bodurtha & Catherine A. Shaghalian, The Business Calendar: A Deeper Bench, Rhode Island Bar J. (March/April 2018)

Richard L. Hurford, Best Practices: Is it Time for Litigators to Reconsider the Benefits of Legal Process Improvement? Take a Lead from Michigan Courts, 97 Mich. Bar J. (March 2018)

Editorial Advisory Board, Md. still needs a business and technology court, The Daily Record (Mar. 22, 2018)

Douglas L. Toering and Jonathan N. Ajlouny, Touring the Business Courts, Mich. Bus. L.J. (Spring 2018)

Edward T. Kole, The Superior Court’s Complex Commercial Litigation Program Three Years After Inception, New Jersey Lawyer (April 2018)

Joseph A. McCahery and F. Alexander de Roode, Corporate Litigation in Specialized Business Courts, in The Oxford Handbook of Corporate Law and Governance (May 2018)

Lynn M. LoPucki, Corporate Charter Competition, 102 Minn. L. Rev. 2101 (May 2018)

Hon. Belvin Perry, Jr., Memo to Tallahassee: Orlando needs its business court, Orlando Sentinel (May 4, 2018)

Tennessee Business Court Docket Pilot Project Awarded Grant to Create Nationwide Curriculum, Tennessee State Courts News (May 10, 2018)

Diego A. Zambrano, The States’ Interest in Federal Procedure, 70 Stan. L. Rev. 1805 (June 2018)

Andrew Denney, NY Commercial Division Issues Rule Calling on Parties to Seek Earlier Resolutions, New York Law Journal (July 25, 2018)

Douglas L. Toering & James A. Buster, Touring the Business Courts, Mich. Bus. L. J. (Summer 2018)

Douglas L. Toering and James A. Buster, Touring the Business Courts, Mich. Bus. L.J.  (Fall 2018)

Hon. Andre G. Brouchard, The Delaware Court of Chancery’s 225th Anniversary, 73 Bus. Law. 953 (Fall 2018)

Michael Sullivan, NJ Speeds Up Complex Business Litigation, Law360 (Sept. 24, 2018)

Jim Ash, Taking a Hard Look at Business Courts, Florida Bar News (Oct. 1, 2018)

Patrick G. Rideout & Giyoung Song, Continued Efficiencies in the Commercial Division, New York Law Journal (Oct. 15, 2018)

Susan DeSantis, In an Effort to Be the Premier Court in the World, NY is Investing in the Commercial Division, New York Law Journal (Oct. 22, 2018)

Jens Christian Dammann, Dissertation: Essays on Corporate Law and Economics (2018)

Achieving Excellence in Commercial Litigation: The Commercial Division, New York State Unified Court System 2018 Annual Report, page 29


ABA Section of Business Law’s Business and Corporate Litigation Committee, Business Courts (chapter), in Recent Developments in Business and Corporate Litigation (2019)

Jason Grant, Ira Gammerman, a Commercial Division Founder, Dies at 91, New York Law Journal (Jan. 28, 2019)

Andrew W. Homer, Splitting the Ninth Circuit and Preparing for the Future: A Proposal for a Federal Business Court, 19 Wake Forest J. Bus. & Intell. Prop. L. 307 (Spring 2019)

Robert Haig, Fondly Remembering Justice Ira Gammerman: ‘He was New York County’s Rocket Docket’, New York Law Journal (May 15, 2019)

Melvin L. Schweitzer, Create Mediation: Alleviating Commercial Division Congestion, New York Law Journal (May 15, 2019)

Marta Requejo Isidro, International Commercial Courts in the Litigation Market, Max Planck Institute, Luxembourg Research Paper Series (2019)

I. Strong, International Commercial Courts and the United States: An Outlier by Choice and by Constitutional Design? In International Business Courts – A European and Global Perspective (April 22, 2019). Forthcoming; University of Missouri School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2019-08, and in International Business Courts: A European and Global Perspective 255 (Xandra Kramer and John Sorabji, eds. 2019)

Douglas L. Toering & Emily S. Fields, Touring the Business Courts, Mich. Bus. L. J. (Spring 2019)

Douglas L. Toering and Emily S. Fields, Touring the Business Courts, Mich. Bus. L. J. (Summer 2019)

Justice A.S. Bell, An Australian International Commercial Court – Not A Bad Idea or What a Bad Idea?, Paper, New South Wales Court of Appeal at the 2019 ABA Biennial International Conference (Singapore July 12, 2019)

Justice Craig Colvin, Comment on Justice A. S. Bell’s paper, An Australian International Commercial Court – Not A Bad Idea or What a Bad Idea?, Federal Court of Australia Digital Law Library (2019)

Douglas L. Toering and James A. Buster, Touring the Business Courts, Michigan Bus. L. J. (Fall 2019)

Laura A. Shoop and L. Whitney Woodward, HB239 – Business Courts,  36 Ga. St. U. L. Rev. 1 (Fall 2019)

Erik Peetermans & Philippe Lambrecht, The Brussels International Business Court: Initial Overview and Analysis, Erasmus L. Rev. (Sept. 2019)

Mary Blatch, Maryland deserves a real business court now, The Daily Record (Sept. 23, 2019)

Sir Geoffrey Vos, A View from the Business and Property Courts in London, Erasmus Law Review (Sept. 2019)

Alexandre Biard, International Commercial Courts in France: Innovation without Revolution?, Erasmus Law Review Vol. 12, No. 1 (Nov. 2019)

Lindy K. Keown, Back in Business:  The Business Court Division Reopens in the Ninth Judicial Circuit, Orange County Bar Association News  (Nov. 11, 2019)

International Business Courts: A European and Global Perspective (Xandra Kramer and John Sorabji, eds. 2019)

ABA Business Law Section, The Business Courts Benchbook: Procedures and Best Practices in Business and Commercial Cases (Vanessa Tiradentes, et. al., eds. 2019)

Profs. Goran Koevski & Darko Spasevski, Trends in Respect of Specialization of Commercial Disputes Judiciary, (Kopaonicka Skola Prirodnog Prava 2019)

Lance Ang, International Commercial Courts and the Interplay Between Realism and Institutionalism: A Look at China and Singapore, Essay for Harvard International Law Journal (2019)

Sai Ramani Garamella & M. Z. Ashraful, The Emergence of International Commercial Courts in India: A Narrative for Ease of Doing Business?, Erasmus Law Review (2019)

Sir William Blair, The New Litigation Landscape: International Commercial Courts and Procedural Innovations, International Journal of Procedure Law (2019)


ABA Section of Business Law’s Business and Corporate Litigation Committee, Business Courts (chapter), in Recent Developments in Business and Corporate Litigation (2020)

Ilias Bantekas, The Rise of Transnational Commercial Courts: The Astana International Finance Centre Court, 33 Pace Int’l L. Rev. 1 (Winter 2020)

Douglas L. Toering and Ian M. Williamson, Business Courts in Michigan — Seven Years and Counting, Michigan Bar Journal (Jan. 2020)

Jim Ash, Section Poised to Call for a Statewide Business Court, Florida Bar News (Jan. 15, 2020)

Jim Ash, Section Calls for Statewide Business Courts, Florida Bar News (Feb. 19, 2020)

Exploring Business Courts in Louisiana, Biz New Orleans (Feb. 20, 2020)

Douglas L. Toering and Fatima M. Bolyea, Touring the Business Courts, Michigan Bus. L. J. (Spring 2020)

Mary Angell, Chancery Court: Wyoming’s Newest Court Could Be Up and Running in 2021, 43 Wyo. Law. 20 (April 2020)

Hon. Brian Stern and Christopher J. Fragomeni, An Introduction to the Business Calendar, The Business Recovery Program, and Virtual Hearings, 68 RI Bar Jnl. 3 (May 2020)

Hon. Barry R. Ostrager, New York’s Commercial Division: The Premier Forum for the Resolution of International Business Disputes, 98 New York State Bar Journal 16 (May 2020)

Douglas L. Toering and Ryan A. Hansen, Touring the Business Courts, Michigan Bus. L. J. (Summer 2020)

Pamela K. Bookman, The Adjudication Business, Temple University Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2019-08, and 45 Yale J. Int’l Law 227 (Summer 2020)

Andy Peters, New Georgia business court’s tall order; Get both parties to show up, Atlanta Journal-Constitution (Aug. 7, 2020)

Tom McParland, Long-Planned Commercial Division Videoconferencing Rules Takes Effect Amid Pandemic, New York Law Journal (Aug. 18, 2020)

Stephen P. Younger, Muhammad U. Faridi, Alvin Li & Eric Barnosky, Commercial Division Sees Uptick, Followed by Flattening in Case Filings, New York Law Journal (Aug. 19, 2020)

Douglas L. Toering and Emily S. Fields, Touring the Business Courts, Michigan Bus. L. J. (Fall 2020)

Jennifer Braster, Pointers For Navigating Business Court, Clark County Bar Association (Oct. 8, 2020)

Business Court Docket Pilot Project Contintues to Expand, Designating Alternate Judge, Adding Three New Commission Members, Tennessee State Courts Press Release (Oct. 27, 2020)

Matthew S. Erie, The New Legal Hubs: The Emergent Landscape of International Commercial Dispute Resolution, 68 Va. Journal of International Law 225 (Winter 2020)

William J. Moon, Delaware’s New Competition, 114 Northwestern U. L. Rev. 227 (2020)

Gerhard Wagner & Arvid Antz, Commercial Courts in Germany, 79 Ius Gentium 3 (2020)

Lee Applebaum, Mitchell Bach, Eric Milby and Richard Renck, Through the Decades: The Development of Business Courts in the United States of America, 75 Bus. Law. 2053 (2020)

Hon. Christopher P. Yates, The ABA’s Contribution to the Development of Business Courts in the United States, 75 Bus. Law. 2077 (2020)

Business Courts, in Commercial Litigation in New York State Courts (Fifth Ed., Robert L. Haig Editor), Volume 3, Chapter 14

Jeroen A. van der Weide, The Netherlands Commercial Courts (NCC): Its Challenges And Perspectives, 79 Ius Gentium 81 (2020)

Olivia Covington, Indiana commercial courts branching out, Indiana Lawyer (Dec. 23, 2020)

Jonathan W. Hugg, Viewpoint: What businesses need to know about new Pennsylvania law authorizing commerce courts, Philadelphia Business Journal (Dec. 23, 2020)

Transparency International Georgia, Forms of Narrow Specializations in Georgian Common Courts System, (USAid 2020)


ABA Section of Business Law’s Business and Corporate Litigation Committee, Business Courts (chapter), in Recent Developments in Business and Corporate Litigation (2021)

Pamela K. Bookman & Matthew S. Erie, Experimenting With International Commercial Dispute Resolution, 115 American Journal of International Law Unbound 5 (2021)

Pamela K. Bookman, Arbitral Courts, 61 Va. J. Int’l L. 161 (Winter 2021)

Roya Naghepour, Boom or Bust: Ensuring the Georgia State-wide Business Court Fulfills Its Constitutional Promise, 56 Georgia L. Rev. 423 (Winter 2021)

Ido Baum & Dov Solomon, The Least Uncomfortable Choice:  Why Delaware and England Win the Global Corporate Law Race, 73 S.C. L. Rev. 387 (Winter 2021)

Association of Corporate Counsel, Business Courts (Jan. 29, 2021)

Lon Roberts, The commercial docket pilot program: Wisconsin’s ‘business court’, Wisconsin L. J. (March 2, 2021)

Chief Justice James Allsop (Federal Court of Australia, International Commercial Courts: next frontier or the latest trend?, Speech delivered at the first session of the Singapore International Commercial Court Symposium 2021: Trends & Developments in International Commercial Litigation (March 10, 2021)

Andrew Strickler, Georgia ‘Opt-Out’ Rule an Outlier in Business Court Trend, Law360 Pulse (March 12, 2021)

Giesela Rühl, The Resolution of International Commercial Disputes—What Role (If Any) For Continental Europe?, 115 American J. of Int’l Law 11 (2021)

Douglas L. Toering, Ian M. Williamson, Emily S. Fields, Touring the Business Courts, Michigan Bus. L. J. (Spring 2021)

London’s business courts face growing competition, The Economist (April 24, 2021)

William J. Moon, Delaware’s Global Competitiveness, 106 Iowa L. Rev. 1683 (May 2021)

Steven L. Schwarcz & Nicole Phillips, Adjudicating Business and Commercial Disputes: Fixing Failures, Duke Law School Public Law & Legal Theory Series No.  2021-26 (June 4, 2021)

Georgios Dimitropoulos, International Commercial Courts in the ‘Modern Law of Nature’: Adjudicatory Unilateralism in Special Economic Zones, Journal of International Economic Law, Volume 24, Issue 2, Pages 361–379 (June 2021)

Douglas L. Toering and Nicole B. Lockhart, Business Dockets in Michigan – Ten Years with More to Come, Touring the Business Courts, Michigan Bus. L. J. (Summer 2021)

Joe Forward, Business Dispute? It Should Go to the Business Court Docket, Inside Track (Wis. Bar Assoc. Sept. 15, 2021)

Douglas L. Toering and Fatima Bolyea, Touring the Business Courts – An Insight at the State Level, 41 Michigan Bus. L. J. 11 (Fall 2021)

Rosie Manins, Consent Rule Clips Ga. Business Court’s Wings In 1st Year, Law360 (Oct. 8, 2021)

Benjamin Burningham, Open for Business: Chancery Court Goes Live on December 1, 2021, 44 Wyo. Law. 17 (Oct. 2021)

Hon. Michael J. Aprahamian, Commercial Court: Expanded for Business, 94 Wis. Law 45 (Dec. 2021)

Jason Grant, A First for NY, Commercial Division Creates ‘Remote Deposition” Rule Setting Guidelines for Judges While Encouraging Parties to Consent, New York Law Journal (Dec. 9, 2021)

Margaret O’Hara, OPEN FOR BUSINESSES Wyoming Chancery Court dedicated to corporate litigation begins operation, The Sheridan Press (Dec. 7, 2021)

Anindita Pattanayak, How Effective Are Commercial Courts?, Daksh (Dec. 21, 2021)

Zachary D. Clopton & D. Theodore Rave, MDL in the States, 115 Northwestern U. L. Rev. 1649 (2021)

Y.I.I Badr, International Business Courts as a Forum for Adjudicating Aviation Disputes, in  Old and New Disputes in Aerospace Law (Transnational Dispute Management Special Issue – 2021)

I.  Strong, International Commercial Courts in the United States and Australia:  Possible, Probable, Preferable?,  American J. of Int’l Law (2021)

Dr. Pradeep Kumar Das, Role of Commercial Courts Act for Speedy Disposal of Commercial Disputes in India: A Critical Analysis, Int’l Jnl. of Law Mgmt. & Humanities (2021)

Hudima, T., Chaban, O., & Oliukha, V., Specialized Financial Court: experience of the United Kingdom and prospects for Ukraine. Economic Annals-XXI (2021)


ABA Section of Business Law’s Business and Corporate Litigation Committee, Business Courts (chapter), in Recent Developments in Business and Corporate Litigation (2022)

Weixia Gu, Jacky Tam, The Global Rise of International Commercial Courts: Typology and Power Dynamics, 22 Chi. J. Int’l L. 443 (2022)

Pierluigi Matera, Delaware’s Dominance, Wyoming’s Dare: New Challenge, Same Outcome?, 27 Fordham J. Corp. & Fin. L. 73 (2022)

Richard G. Niess, Why The Current Business Court Needs Reform, 95 Wis. Law 42 (Feb. 2022)

Elizabeth Warwick, 10 things you (probably) need to know about the new [England and Wales] Commercial Court Guide, Practical Law Dispute Resolution Blog (Thompson Reuters Mar. 1, 2022)

Douglas L. Toering and Fatima Bolyea, Touring the Business Courts , 42 Michigan Bus. L. J. 11 (Spring 2022)

Ashita and Meenakshi Ogra, India: Jurisdiction of Commercial Courts Mondaq (April 12, 2022)

Paul G. Swanson, Far from being ‘shadowy,’ Wisconsin’s business court is dispensing justice, serving the public, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel (April 15, 2022)

Zimbabwe to introduce e-courts and commercial courts next week, expanding access to justice, African News Agency (April 29, 2022)

Hon. Saliann Scarpula, Julie North & Scott Reents, New York Commercial Division Leads the Way With New E-Discovery Rules, New York Law Journal (May 10, 2022)

Jennifer Braster, An Insight Into the Eighth Judicial District Court’s Business Court, Communiqué (Clark County Bar Association May 2022)

Zhiyu Li, Specialized Judicial Empowerment, 32 U. Fla. J.L. & Pub. Pol’y 491 (Summer 2022)

Alyssa S. King & Pamela K. Bookman, Traveling Judges, 116 American Journal of International Law 477 (July 2022)

Douglas L. Toering, Fatima M. Bolyea, and Brian P. Markham,  Interview with Judge Christopher Yates, Touring the Business Courts , Michigan Bus. L. J.  (Summer 2022)

Toko Sekiguchi, Japan to open ‘business court’ for IP, antitrust and other commercial cases, mlex (Aug. 1, 2022)

A. G. Erotocritou, LLC, New Commercial Court in Cyprus, Mondaq (Aug. 9, 2022)

Reduction in disposal time for commercial cases by 50% to boost India’s ease of doing business ranking, The Economic Times (Aug. 22, 2022)

Time taken to resolve commercial cases in India down nearly 50%: Report, Business Standard (Aug. 22, 2022)

India, UK agree to exchange experiences of commercial courts and dispute resolution mechanisms, India News Network (Aug. 23, 2022)

Lucas Clover Alcolea, The Rise of the International Commercial Court: A Threat to the Rule of Law?, Journal of International Dispute Settlement, Volume 13, Issue 3, Pages 413–442 (September 2022)

Douglas L. Toering, Ian Williamson, and Nicole B. Lockhart, Interviews with Judge Timothy P. Connors and Judge Victoria A. Valentine; Ten Years of Business Courts in Michigan, Touring the Business Courts, Michigan Bus. L. J. (Fall 2022)

Standing International Forum of Commercial Courts, Report of the Fourth Full Meeting (October 2022)

Sonam Gupta, Mandatory mediation hoped to unclog commercial lists, India Business Law Journal (Oct. 11, 2022)

Yuta Shimasaki, Japan’s first Business Court aims to boost international confidence, Nikkei Asia (Oct. 14, 2022)

Asian Development Bank, Commercial Courts: Exploring Key Models (Nov. 22, 2022)

Ben Burningham, A Year of Firsts, 46 Wyo. Lawyer 16 (Dec. 2022)

Hannah Black, State chancery court marks one year of handling business law, Wyoming Tribune Eagle (Dec. 12, 2022)

Michael I. Green, Crowded at the Top: An Empirical Description of the Oligopolistic Market for International Arbitration Institutions, 31 Minn. J. Int’l L. 281 (2022)

International Commercial Courts, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (2022) (book)

Georgios Dimitropoulos and Stavros Brekoulakis, International Commercial Courts: The Future of Transnational Adjudication, in International Commercial Courts, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (2022)

Christopher Gout and Sir William Blair, The Role of International Commercial Courts in Commercial Dispute Resolution, Chapter 1 in International Commercial Courts, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (2022)

Thomas Schultz and Clément Bachmann, International Commercial Courts: Possible Problematic Social Externalities of a Dispute Resolution Product with Good Market Potential, Chapter 2 in International Commercial Courts, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (2022)

Randall S. Thomas, Robert B. Thompson & Harwell Wells, Delaware’s Shifting Judicial Role in Business Governance, 77 Bus. Law  971 (2022)

Ido Baum & Dov Solomon, Delaware’s Copycat: Can Delaware Corporate Law Be Emulated?, 23 Theoretical Inquiries L. 1 (2022)


ABA Section of Business Law’s Business and Corporate Litigation Committee, Recent Developments in Business Courts, Business Law Today (website) (2023)

Joseph McCahery & F. A. de Roode, Recent trends in corporate litigation in specialized business courts, in Oxford handbook of corporate law and governance (upcoming)

Frank Pignanelli, Stephen Foxley, and Stephen Styler, Legislative Update or “Big Changes are a Comin'”, 36 Utah Bar Jounal Vol 1., page 13  (Jan/Feb 2023)

Xandra Kramer and Georgia Antonopoulou, Commercialising Litigation: The Case of the Netherlands Commercial Court, in Albert Henke, Marco Torsello, Elena Zucconi Galli Fonseca (eds.), International Commercial Courts. A Paradigm for the Future of Adjudication?, E.S.I. Edizioni Scientifiche Italiane, Napels 2023 (Jan. 9, 2023)

Ryo Maruyama, A new era for business disputes in Japan, World Intellectual Property Review (Jan. 17, 2023)

Commercial courts can make judicial process more business friendly, Pre-trial disclosures help prevent dozens of trials, The Hamilton County Reporter (Feb.2, 2023)

USAID, Kosovo’s Assembly passes the law on creating a Commercial Court (February 10, 2023)

Matthew Kent, Judge: Commercial courts improve efficiency, Current (Feb. 22, 2023)

Georgia Antonopoulou, The ‘Arbitralization’ of Courts: The Role of International Commercial Arbitration in the Establishment and the Procedural Design of International Commercial Courts, Journal of International Dispute Settlement (Feb. 25, 2023)

Georgia Antonopoulou and Xandra Kramer, A New Court Open for International Business Soon: The Commercial Court in Cyprus, Conflict of Laws. Net (Feb. 26, 2023)

Leyton Nelson, Dispute Settlement with Chinese Characteristics: Assessing China’s International Commercial Court, U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission (Feb. 28, 2023)

Pietro Ortolani and Bas van Zelst, International commercial courts and EU law: Easing the tension,  14 Journal Int’l Dispute Res. 1 (March 2023)

Texas ‘big three’ lawmakers want to create a specialty business court, Texas Standard (Mar. 6, 2023)

Charlotte Morabito, Here’s why more than 60% of Fortune 500 companies are incorporated in Delaware, CNBC (Mar. 13, 2023)

Catherine Marfin, Texas Litigators Skeptical of State Business Court Plan, Law360 (Mar. 15, 2023)

Sara Chessa, Brexit: Europe sees emergence of specialist commercial courts to compete with the UK, International Bar Association (Mar. 17, 2023)

Jason Villalba, Why Texas needs business courts, The Dallas Morning News (Mar. 21, 2023)

Catherine Marfin, Texas House Committee Weighs Legality of Business Court Bill, Law360 (Mar. 22, 2023)

Adam Crepelle, An Intertribal Business Court, American Business Law Journal (Mar. 30, 2023)

Douglas L. Toering and Michael Butterfield,  Touring the Business Courts – A National Perspective, Michigan Bus. L. J.  (Spring 2023)

Benjamin D. Perkins & Julianne P. Blanch, Utah businesses get their own court, Utah Business (April 3, 2023)

Jolie McCullough, Texas Supreme Court chief justice calls for higher judicial salaries, business court, Texas Tribune (April 5, 2023)

Ronan Barnard, Commercial Court Saw New Claims Dip in 2022, Law360 (April 14, 2023)

Zach Despart, Bills to create new Texas court would likely reverse Democratic gains, restore GOP dominance, The Texas Tribune (April 19, 2023)

David Coale, Proposed ‘business court’ isn’t worth the constitutional risk, The Dallas Morning News (April 22, 2023)

Giesela Rühl, International commercial courts for Germany?, EAPIL Blog and Conflict of Laws. Net (April 27, 2023)

Alex Ebert, Oil, Gas Industry Unites Behind Texas Business Court Plan, Bloomberg News (April 28, 2023)

Roman Baechler & Stefanie Pfisterer, Introduction of international commercial courts in Switzerland, International Bar Association (April 28, 2023)

Xandra Kramer, Commercializing Litigation: The Case of the Netherlands Commercial Court, Faculty Blog University of Oxford (May 9, 2023)

SG Courts, Joint Media Release: Bahrain and Singapore Courts Strengthen Bilateral Ties with Collaboration Framework to Support The Establishment of The Bahrain International Commercial Courts (May 11, 2023)

Mike Christen, Texas may establish new court for businesses, Austin Business Journal (May 11, 2023)

Rebecca Burns, Big Oil Tries to Buy its Own Courts, The Lever (May 11, 2023)

Mike Christen, Unpakcing Texas’ incoming business court system, Austin Business Journal (May 16, 2023)

Candace Groth, A Look At Texas Business Courts’ Potential M&A Impact, Law360 (May 25, 2023)

‘Court helps increase pace of resolving commercial disputes’, Gulf Times (May 26, 2023) (re Qatar’s Investment and Commerce Court)

Sarah Walker, Making international disputes domestic: the adoption of English language in national commercial courts, Financier Worldwide (June 2023)

Adolfo Pesquera, Look Out Delaware, Business Courts Are Coming to Texas, Texas Lawyer, (ALM June 2, 2023)

Erica Greider, Move Over Delaware: Texas poised to create specialized business courts, Houston Chronicle (June 5, 2023)

Hayley Fowler, How A Real-Life ‘Lincoln Lawyer’ Hatched NC’s Business Court, Law360 (June 5, 2023)

Posted and updated by Lee Applebaum (through 6.5.23) (663)